Alfonso was born in Madrid as the eldest son of Queen Isabella II. November 26, 1869: Birth of Maud of Wales, Queen Consort of Norway. Alfonso is the current king of Spain. He became king on his birth, as his father Alfonso XII died in 1885, but his mother, Maria Christina of Austria, ruled as regent from 1885-1902. The Prince of Asturias, Alfonso, was the person chosen to develop the new road map proposed by Canovas, which led to the June 1870 abdication of Queen Isabel II in favour of her son Prince Alfonso. When Queen Isabella II and her husband were forced to leave Spain by the Revolution of 1868, Alfonso accompanied them to Paris. Alfonso had two sons by Elena Armanda Nicolasa Sanz y Martínez de Arizala (15 December 1849, in Castellón de la Plana – 24 December 1898, in Paris): In 1881 Alfonso refused to sanction a law by which the ministers were to remain in office for a fixed term of 18 months. This rumor was put forth by the Carlists as part of their propaganda against the queen. Both European (the coastal regions, such as the Basque Country, Catalonia, and Asturias) and Overseas – Antilles and Pacific were able to grow steadily. Alfonso's biological paternity is uncertain. Spanish royalty, the son of King Alfonso XII, born six months after his father died. Posted by liamfoley63 in Royal Genealogy, Alfonso XII of Spain, Carlism, Fancisco Duke of Cadiz, father of Alfonso XII of Spain, House of Bourbon, Isabella II of Spain, Kingdom of Spain, Louis XIV of France. There is speculation that his biological father may have been Enrique Puigmoltó y Mayans (a captain of the guard). This law was foreign to the Spaniards because there had been many queen regnants in Spain prior to the accession of the House of Bourbon. Notable ancestors includeHenry II of England (1133-1189), â¦ Alfonso XII C/ Juan de Borbón y Battenberg, 2 t28200 San Lorenzo de El Escorial (Madrid) Tel. During the honeymoon, a pastry cook named Otero fired at the young sovereign and his wife as they were driving in Madrid.. What the new King Felipe V brought with him to Spain was the ancient Salic Law which barred woman from inheriting the throne as well as passing along succession rights. Alfonso died aged 27 in 1885, and was succeeded by his son, Alfonso XIII, who was born the following year. For this Alfonso earned the nickname âThe Peacemaker.â The new Constitution of 1876 was adopted and in the same year ended the Third Carlist War ended. , Political background, early life and paternity, Juan Sisinio Pérez Garzón, Isabel II: Los Espejos de la Reina (2004), consort to an Infanta naturalized as a Spanish Infante, María de las Mercedes, Princess of Asturias, "Chevaliers de la Toisón d'Or – Knights of the Golden Fleece", "Grand Crosses of the Order of the Tower and Sword", Staatshandbuch für das Großherzogtum Sachsen / Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach, Infante Pedro Carlos, Infante of Portugal, Infante Alfonso Carlos, Duke of San Jaime, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alfonso_XII&oldid=991837940, Grand Masters of the Order of the Golden Fleece, Grand Masters of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, Grand Crosses of the Order of Saint-Charles, Collars of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, Grand Masters of the Royal and Military Order of San Hermenegild, Recipients of the Royal and Military Order of Saint Hermenegild, Grand Crosses of the Royal and Military Order of San Hermenegild, Grand Crosses of the Order of Saint Stephen of Hungary, Recipients of the Royal Order of Kamehameha I, Graduates of the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, Burials in the Pantheon of Kings at El Escorial, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Alfonso Sanz y Martínez de Arizala (28 January 1880, in Madrid – 19 March 1970, in Paris), married in 1922 to María de Guadalupe de Limantour y Mariscal, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 02:08. Part I. November 25, 1638: Birth of Catherine of Braganza, Queen Consort of England, of Scotland and of Ireland. Maria Christina’s mother, Infanta Maria Isabella of Spain, was King Fernando VII’s sister; both were born to King Carlos IV of Spain and his wife, Maria Luisa of Bourbon-Parma. Alfonso d'Espagne, Prince des Asturies 1907-1938; Jaime d'Espagne, Duc d'Anjou 1908-1975 Il a été déposé le 14 Avril 1931. He married Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg (1887-1969) 31 March 1906 in Madrid, Spain. Alfonso was born in Madrid on May 17, 1886, 6 months after the death of his father, King Alfonso XII. Alfonso's mother, Maria Christina of Austria, served as regent until he assumed full powers on his sixteenth birthday in 1902. King Fernando VII, despite multiple marriages, had not fathered a male heir and this lead to a succession crisis in 1833 with the Salic Law being rescinded in Spain. One of the more notable royals with questionable parentage was King Alfonso XII of Spain. These facts had lead to considerable speculation that some or all of Isabella’s children were not fathered by Francisco; this speculation has been bolstered by rumors that Francisco was either homosexual or physically unable to complete the sex act. Benevolent and sympathetic in disposition, he won the affection of his people by fearlessly visiting districts ravaged by cholera or devastated by earthquake in 1885. Noté /5: Achetez De Alfonso XII a Juan Carlos I de ATTARD ALONSO, EMILIO: ISBN: 9788460567028 sur amazon.fr, des millions de livres livrés chez vous en 1 jour Pour une partie des monarchistes français Afonso III (Portuguese pronunciation: ; rare English alternatives: Alphonzo or Alphonse), or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (), the Boulonnais (Port. Is Alfonso XII the son of the queen Isabel II and Francisco de Asís de Borbón, notorious homosexual, or of Enrique Puig Moltó? o Bolonhês), King of Portugal (5 May 1210 â 16 February 1279) was the first to use the title King of Portugal and the Algarve, from 1249.. Acheter, vendre, commercer et échanger tout objet de collection facilement avec la communauté de collectionneurs de Colnect. The awkwardness of this union was that not only were they cousins multiple times over, King Fernando VII was also her uncle by both birth and marriage. Thank you. In 1701 the French Bourbon prince, Philippe, Duc d’Anjou, grandson of France’s king, Louis XIV, inherited the Spanish throne. the cry to the sky. Alfonso was born in Madrid as the eldest son of Queen Isabella II. Alfonso XII[a] (Alfonso Francisco de Asís Fernando Pío Juan María de la Concepción Gregorio Pelayo; 28 November 1857 – 25 November 1885), also known as El Pacificador or the Peacemaker, was King of Spain, reigning from 1874 to 1885. So was Alfonso XII really fathered by Francisco, Duke of Cadiz, or was he really fathered by Enrique Puigmoltó y Mayans, or was this merely a rumor spread by Carlist enemies? Officially, his father was her husband, Infante Francisco de Bourbon, Duke of Cadiz. Colnect est le seul site qui vous permet de comparer automatiquement vos objets de collection avec d'autres collectionneurs, â¦ Fernando VII did, however, have two daughters, with Infanta Isabella being the eldest and Infanta Luisa Fernanda being the youngest. Roi d'Espagne (1886-1931), né le 17 mai 1886, à Madrid, mort le 28 février 1941, à Rome. Descubre (y guarda) tus propios Pines en Pinterest. This led to the end of the Carlist revolts and the victory over the New York-backed Cuban revolutionaries, and led to a huge backing both by insular and peninsular Spaniards of Alfonso as a wise and able king. The posthumous son of Alfonso XII, Alfonso XIII was immediately proclaimed king under the regency of his mother, María Cristina. Coming to the throne at such an early age Alfonso had served no apprenticeship in the art of ruling. Alfonso was born in Madrid as the eldest son of Queen Isabella II. Il vit à Paris, à Vienne et à Londres, où il suit les cours de l'Académie militaire de Sandhurst. Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. King Alfonso XIII was born on May 17, 1886. Officially, his father was her husband, Infante Francisco de Bourbon, Duke of Cadiz. Alfonso's biological paternity is uncertain. After a revolution that deposed his mother Isabella II from the throne in 1868, Alfonso studied in Austria and France. In 1827 King Fernando VII’s third wife, Maria Josepha Amalia of Saxony, died. It meant that liberal and conservative prime ministers would succeed each other ending thus the troubles. During Alfonso XIIâs reign, the monarchy was consolidated and government institutions were stabilized, repairing the damage that the recent internal struggles had left. He assumed the name Alfonso XII, for although no king of united Spain had borne the name "Alfonso XI", the Spanish monarchy was regarded as continuous with the more ancient monarchy represented by the 11 kings of Asturias, León and Castile also named Alfonso.. Acheter, vendre, commercer et échanger tout objet de collection facilement avec la communauté de collectionneurs de Colnect. Cánovas was the real architect of the new regime of the Restoration. On 23 January 1878 at the Basilica of Atocha in Madrid, Alfonso married his first cousin, Princess Maria de las Mercedes, but she died within six months of the marriage. The liberals threw their support behind Isabella II and the Carlist Wars resulted. Alphonse XIII, né le 17 mai 1886 à Madrid et mort le 28 février 1941 à Rome, est roi d'Espagne de 1886 à 1931. It was of no use to him, because after great obstacles, the romance culminated in a wedding Fils posthume du roi Alphonse XII, Alphonse XIII règne alors que la régence est confiée à sa mère Marie-Christine d'Autriche jusqu'à sa majorité, en 1902. December 2, 1849: Death of Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, Queen Consort of the United Kingdom. He sent Alfonso to the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, in England, where the training Alfonso received was severe but more cosmopolitan than in Spain, given the current atmosphere. Watch Queue Queue Liberals, who had been in exile, returned and dominated Spanish politics for decades. From there, he was sent to the Theresianum in Vienna to continue his studies. November 26, 1869: Birth of Maud of Wales, Queen Consort of Norway. Alfonso was monarch from birth as his father, Alfonso XII, had died the previous year. Alfonso XII and his mother, Queen Elizabeth II. There is speculation that his biological father may have been Enrique Puigmoltó y Mayans (a captain of the guard). Officially, his father was her husband, King Francisco de Asís. In the midst of the crisis during and after the First Spanish Republic, the Carlist party made itself strong in areas with claims over their national and institutional specificity, such as Catalonia or the Basque districts. . Alfonso was born in Madrid as the eldest son of Queen Isabella II. Alfonso XIII de l'Espagne Alfonso XIII de fils Bourbon d'Alphonse XII est devenu roi d'Espagne à sa naissance, bien que seulement a pris le pouvoir en 1902. By 1872, the Third Carlist War erupted. Alfonso's short reign established the foundations for the final socioeconomic recuperation of Spain after the 1808–1874 crisis. Officially, his father was her husband, King Francisco de Asís. His mother, Maria Christina of Austria raised him and his two older sisters, acting as Regent. Because his father died before he was born he was considered King of Spain from the moment he was born. After a tumultuous reign, Isabella II and her husband went into exile with his wife in France in 1868 and adopted the incognito title of Count of Moratalla. Because his father died before he was born he was considered King of Spain from the moment he was born. Alfonso XIII of Spain was born on 17 May 1886, in Madrid, Kingdom of Spain, as the posthumous son of Alfonso XII of Spain. Don Carlos revolted and proclaimed he was the legitimate and rightful king and styled himself King Carlos V of Spain. Alphonse XII (né le 28 novembre 1857 à Madrid, mort le 25 novembre 1885 à Madrid), fils de la reine Isabelle II et du roi consort François d'Assise, il fut roi d'Espagne de 1874 à 1885. Although lively and Alfonso's mother, Maria Christina of Austria, served as regent until he assumed full powers on his sixteenth birthday in 1902. He was a monarch from birth as his father, Alfonso XII, had died the previous year.Alfonso's mother, Maria Christina of Austria, served as regent until he assumed full powers on his sixteenth birthday in 1902. She died six months later, and the following year the king married a daughter of the archduke Charles Ferdinand of Austria, María Cristina, by whom he had two daughters and a son, who became Alfonso XIII. In order to eliminate one of the problems of the reign of Isabel II, the single party and its destabilizing consequences, the Liberal Party was allowed to incorporate and participate in national politics, and the 'turnismo' or alternation was to become the new system. Espagne : Timbres [Année: 1978] [6/7]. Alfonso was monarch from birth as his father, Alfonso XII, had died the previous year. Thereupon the President resigned, and his power was transferred to the king's plenipotentiary and adviser, Antonio Cánovas.  These rumours were used as political propaganda against Alfonso by the Carlists. With this tense family breeding ground, between Alfonso and Mercedes, who were 12 and 14 years old, an unexpected crush. The supporters of the Count of Molina as king of Spain rose to have him enthroned. Cuba and Puerto Rico prospered to the point that Spain's first train was between Havana and Camagüey, and the first telegraph in Latin America was in Puerto Rico, established by Samuel Morse, whose daughter lived there with her husband.  The 29 December 1874 military coup of Gen. Martinez Campos in Sagunto ended the failed republic and meant the rise of the young Prince Alfonso. She issued a decree of amnesty on October 23, 1833. Upon the consequent resignation of Canovas del Castillo, he summoned Práxedes Mateo Sagasta, the Liberal leader, to form a new cabinet. In 1870 Francisco and Isabella were amicably separated but in time they actually became good friends. , In November 1885, Alfonso died, just short of his 28th birthday, at the Royal Palace of El Pardo near Madrid. Alfonso XIII, Spanish king (1902â31) who by authorizing a military dictatorship hastened his own deposition by advocates of the Second Republic. 918905711. The winning design, by José Grases Riera, was erected in an artificial lake in Madrid's Parque del Buen Retiro in 1922. Cuban slaves would have to wait until 1889. He had a weak constitution as a child, but at 16, took the throne, on 17 May 1902. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. There is evidence that Isabella desired to marry the Duke of Cadiz’ younger brother, Infante Enrique de Bourbon, Duke of Seville. On 25 June 1870, he was recalled to Paris, where his mother abdicated in his favour, in the presence of a number of Spanish nobles who had tied their fortunes to those of the exiled queen. This unrest led to the creation of a group in favour of the Bourbon Restoration, made by some sectors of the conservatives led by Canovas del Castillo. My father playing "Donde Bas Alfonso XII" This video is unavailable. , On 29 November 1879 at the Basilica of Atocha in Madrid, Alfonso married a much more distant relative, Archduchess Maria Christina of Austria. Following Amadeo's abandonment in 1873, Parliament established the Federal Republic (including the territories of Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Pacific Archipelagos). It was drafted in reply to a birthday greeting from his followers, a manifesto proclaiming himself the sole representative of the Spanish monarchy. King Alfonso XIII was born on May 17, 1886. He grew up in and around Spain with his mother (she was an Austrian Princess) and his two sisters. 17-dic-2015 - Xavier Tomas.garcia descrubrió este Pin. As it was in the beginning, is now and ever shall be, world without end. Have indications on this subject? Initially led by Canovas del Castillo as moderate prime minister, what was thought at one time as a coup aimed at placing the military in the political-administrative positions of power, in reality ushered in a civilian regime that lasted until Primo de Rivera's 1923 coup d'état. Alfonso XIII (17 May 1886 â 28 February 1941), also known as El Africano or the African, was King of Spain from 1886 until the proclamation of the Second Republic in 1931. Let provide some background on Carlism. He married Princess Ena de Battemberg on 31 May 1906, the granddaughter of Queen Victoria. The Duke of Cadiz was given the title of King Consort, one of the few in history, upon his marriage to his double first cousin, Queen Isabella II of Spain, on October 10, 1846. With Alfonso XII’s biological paternity uncertain, there has been speculation that his biological father may have been Enrique Puigmoltó y Mayans (a captain of the guard). His mother was the kingâs second wife, Maria Christina of Austria. Infante Juan of Spain, Count of Barcelona (Juan Carlos Teresa Silverio Alfonso de Borbón y Battenberg; 20 June 1913 â 1 April 1993), also known as Don Juan, was the third son and designated heir of King Alfonso XIII of Spain and Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg.His father was replaced by the Second Spanish Republic, and under his son, Juan Carlos I, a constitutional monarchy was installed. This rumor was put forth by the Carlists as part of their propaganda against the queen. Amen. This forced the aging king into a hasty fourth marriage in order to father a male heir. Our Mother of Good Counsel, Pray for us. 1 Biography 1.1 First Reign 1.2 Return to Rule 1.3 Personal Life Alfonso's rule was filled with problems. On 1 December 1874, Alfonso issued the Sandhurst Manifesto, where he set the ideological basis of the Bourbon Restoration. His mother abdicated in his favour in 1870, and he returned to Spain as king in 1874 following a military coup against the First Republic. During his short reign, peace was established both at home and abroad, finances were well regulated, and the various administrative services were placed on a basis that afterwards enabled Spain to pass through the disastrous war with the United States without the threat of a revolution. before which the deposed Isabel II put . Fils posthume d'Alphonse XII, Alphonse XIII est proclamé roi dès sa naissance sous la régence de sa mère, Marie-Christine de Habsbourg-Lorraine. Obstacles to the relationship included Alfonso's mother, who desired that he married a member of her royal house, the Hâ¦ Alfonso XII (Alfonso Francisco de Asís Fernando Pío Juan María de la Concepción Gregorio Pelayo; 28 November 1857 â 25 November 1885), also known as El Pacificador or the Peacemaker, was King of Spain, reigning from 1874 to 1885.After a revolution that deposed his mother Isabella II from the throne in 1868, Alfonso studied in Austria and France. royalcello Moderator Registered: 1148498020 Posts: 6,830 Posted 1280511175: Reply with quote #2 There is reasonable room for doubt but in an age before DNA tests we cannot be certain. When Fernando VII lay dying his queen had him set aside the Salic Law, which thus made their young daughter succeed him as Queen Isabella II upon his death. His capacity for dealing with men was considerable, and he never allowed himself to become the instrument of any particular party. Fils de la reine Isabelle II et du roi consort Don Francisco de Asis, le futur Alphonse XII part en exil avec sa mère après la révolution de 1868. Part II. arose . Colnect est le seul site qui vous permet de comparer automatiquement vos objets de collection avec d'autres collectionneurs, pour échanger ou pour vendre. St. Augustine, Pray for us. Alfonso met Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg while on a state visit to the United Kingdom in 1905, where he was hosted at Buckingham Palace by her uncle, King Edward VII of the United Kingdom. Needing support, Queen Maria Christina (acting as Regent for her daughter) turned to the liberals. Roger LÉVÊQUE DE VILMORIN, Botaniste 1905-1980; Marié le 31 mai 1906 (jeudi), MADRID â¦ With Alfonso XIIâs biological paternity uncertain, there has been speculation that his biological father may have been Enrique Puigmoltó y Mayans (a captain of the guard). In January 1878 Alfonso married María de las Mercedes, daughter of the duc de Montpensier. His mother, Maria Cristina of Hapsburg, served as regent during Alfonso's minority. His fatherâs death in 1885 made him the King of Spain upon his birth. But the republicans were not in agreement either, and they had to contend with the War in Cuba, and Muslim uprisings in Spanish Morocco. Much like in Britain, which subtracted itself from the liberal constitutional process, Spanish conservatives wanted to continue with the Traditional Spanish Organic Laws such as the Fuero Juzgo, the Novísima Recopilación and the Partidas of Alfonso X. Under the old Salic Law the late King Fernando VII’s brother, Don Carlos, Duke of Molina, was heir to the throne instead of any female. From what I understand after reading about this issue from many historians is that the evidence does seem to point to the Duke of Cadiz being a homosexual and although that doesn’t rule out the possibility he could be the father of Alfonso XII, but given the fact that the promiscuity of Isabella II is also well documented, it is reasonable to doubt that Alfonso XII was really fathered by Francisco, Duke of Cadiz.