A teacher gives students an in-depth explanation of a grammatical concept before they encounter the same grammatical concept in their own writing. The deductive approach, also known as a 'top down' approach, was a rule-based teaching style that involved explaining the grammar item to learners before they encountered how rules functioned in language and then applying it; therefore, the deductive approach was one of the explicit teaching … Either may be the more effective teaching approach at a particular time depending on factors including the nature of the rule to be taught, the learners' level of language knowledge and skill, and the cultural pedagogic expectations of the learners (Harmer, 2015; Deductive teaching also called deduction, from the verb ''deduce'' is a well-known technique, to teach grammar: deductive and inductive. • It is a downward process of thought and leads to useful results. - Using the native language of the students. Although a little less effective than inductive teaching when used in TESOL, benefits to the deductive approach are: Time in the classroom is spent only on the language principle. The learners are exposed to the general use, and they apply the rule to particular examples of language use. Traditional methodologists state that knowledge of grammatical rules is essential for the mastery of language, favouring rule based grammar learning where theory and accuracy are most important. Advantages 1.The deductive approach goes straightforwardly to the point and can, therefore, be time-saving. In this stage, the teacher analyses the data collected from the situational pilot test. 4- The deductive approach respects the intelligence and maturity of many adult learners in particular and acknowledges the role of cognitive processes in language acquisition. A deductive approach involves the learners being given a general rule, which is then applied to specific language examples and honed through practice exercises. Deductive Approach. The deductive method of teaching is a traditional one: the teacher explains the rules and the pupils solve exercises practicing the use of that rule. If you have heard the terms 'inductive' or 'deductive' or 'guided discovery' in grammar teaching but been afraid to ask what they meant, then this is this video for you! It is an integral part of good writing to understand the rules and function of grammar but many pupils find the study boring and difficult. It makes the words and sentences meaningful and that it is a formal network of rules that creates licit account of language. 2. Table 3. 2.4. A number of direct practice/application examples are immediately given. After analyzing the result and developing the test, it is suggested that the developed test is piloted again to another group of learners so that the test will have a good quality in terms of validity, reliability, practicality, and authenticity. There are in fact many other ways of incorporating deductive learning into the language classroom. If a teacher was teaching comparatives using this method, adjectives would be given and translated into the students’ first language. In the same context, Azmi and Hanna cite that the inductive approach refers to “the style of introducing language context containing the target rules where students can induce those rules through the context and practical examples”. 3- A number of direct practice/application examples are immediately given. The deductive method of teaching is a traditional one: the teacher explains the rules and the pupils solve exercises practicing the use of that rule. Seventy students enrolled in the second year of senior high school participated. This approach was derived from the notion of deductive reasoning where the, investigates the deductive and the inductive approaches to teaching grammar, and the positive and negative aspects of them both. • It is straight and to the point. To start with, this type of teaching is time-saving and straightforward. In the course of their research they developed a methodology for measuring small gains in vocabulary knowledge. 2- Younger learners may not be able to, Summary Of Waller And Marvell's Go Lovely Rose, Personal Essay : The Characteristics Of The Perfect Father, Disadvantages Of Literature-Based Reading. The Grammar Translation method used for a long time caused that students were demotivated by learning language separatedly from contexts. • It is less time consuming. The deductive approach respects the intelligence and maturity of many adult learners in particular and acknowledges the role of cognitive processes in language, The sequence in this approach is to prompt the students to find the rules after being exposed to examples. According to the research and my own experience, both deductive and inductive methods of teaching can help students learn and understand grammar.
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