He was sentenced to nine months' hard labour despite suffering from an incurable illness, and died shortly after he was released. The report by Ventris contains the following passage: And Hale said, that such kind of wicked blasphemous words were not only an offence to God and religion, but a crime against the laws, State and Government, and therefore punishable in this Court. The laws in Scotland and Northern Ireland are still on statute. However, in 1977 it was successfully resurrected in several cases brought over the publication of another poem, The Love That Dares to Speak Its Name by James Kirkup (a poem which graphically sexualizes the character of Jesus Christ). . Not satisfied with their new powers, further were sought and granted under King Henry IV in 1400.  There was an unsuccessful private prosecution in 1971. In 2020, the Scottish Government committed to removing Scotland's from statute in recognition of the fact that blasphemy laws are used to carry about human rights abuses around the world. Laws prohibiting blasphemy and blasphemous libel in the United Kingdom date back to the medieval times as common law and in some special cases as enacted legislation. The following cases, in particular, were approved by the House of Lords in Whitehouse v Gay News Ltd: Lord Scarman said that in his judgement the modern law of blasphemy was correctly formulated in article 214 of Stephen's Digest of the Criminal Law, Ninth Edition, 1950, which reads: Every publication is said to be blasphemous which contains any contemptuous, reviling, scurrilous or ludicrous matter relating to God, Jesus Christ, or the Bible, or the formularies of the Church of England as by law established. The last successful prosecution for “blasphemy” in Scotland was in 1843, when a bookseller Thomas Paterson was handed a fifteen-month prison term. A trial would have involved all those who read and published the poem, including several of Britain's leading[peacock term] writers, academics and MPs. The legal notion goes back centuries - as faith was seen as being the heart of society, to challenge or offend it was thought to threaten the fabric of society. 8, Holywell street, was to appear at this office and answer to four summonses preferred against him for exhibiting certain profane placards in his window, to the annoyance of the neighbourhood and the public—the court was crowded with persons anxious to hear the charges. ... and suggested introducing a blasphemy law tailored to Britain. The peers also voted for the laws to be abandoned during March. CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF BLASPHEMY LAW IN INDIA AND UK: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS The word blasphemy implies "irreverence to God, religion, a religious icon, or anything else that is considered sacred." Additionally, some legal commentators believe that, owing to the long time since successful prosecution, blasphemy in Scotland is no longer a crime, although blasphemous conduct might still be tried as a breach of the peace. The Law Commission published a report in 1985 on Criminal Law: Offences against Religious and Public Worship. See now the Racial and Religious Hatred Act 2006.. Before the common law era . This article describes the blasphemy law in the United Kingdom.. England & Wales . Profane cursing and swearing was made punishable by the Profane Oaths Act 1745, which directed that the offender be brought before a justice of the peace, and fined an amount that depended on his social rank. In 1908, police court proceedings were taken against Harry Boulter for blasphemy uttered at a meeting at Highbury Corner, Hyde Park. In April, 1399, William Sawyer was convicted of heresy and put to penance by his bishop. The common law offences of blasphemy and blasphemous libel were abolished in 2008.