[2] The plant is known by a variety of names including beach cordia, sea trumpet, and kerosene wood, among others. Photograph by: Mauricio Mercadante. When fully grown up, the total height of the tree comes to nearly 10 to 15 m. In less favorable climate and or unfavorable environment, however, it has a lesser growth and may attain a somewhat crooked form. 510. It is a relatively small tree with orange flowers and evergreen leaves. Aside from some notable cacti, white-flowering desert plants are hard to come by, but this desert native proves it can be done elegantly with exceptional tolerance of drought, full sun, and sweltering heat. The genus Cordia is so called after a German student, Euricius Cordus who lived in the 1500s and the epithet caffra is derived from Kaffraria, an old name for part of Eastern Cape. At places these are somewhat hairy and white. [5], C. subcordata is a tree of the coasts, found at elevations from sea level to 30 m (98 ft), but may grow at up to 150 m (490 ft). It splits irregularly at the opening of its bud into flower. More About this Tree Its habitat starts at about 200 m above mean sea level in the plains and ascends to an altitude around 1,500 m in the hills. ]. The Orange Geiger tree has bright and beautiful orange flowers. Oudhia, P., 2007. Category - Evergreen, Ornamental flowering tree, Shrub. It is found growing primarily in Asia, as well as, across the globe especially in tropical regions having the right type of geophysical environment. 2008. The inflorescence, mostly terminal, is, white in color. This dense, rounded, evergreen native tree grows slowly to a height of 30 feet with a spread of 25 feet and can develop a trunk 12 inches thick. The calyx part of an independent flower is about 8 mm long and glabrous, but not pubescent. Cordia boissieri . Individual florets are nearly 5 mm in diameter. Cordia, genus of more than 200 warm-region New and Old World trees and shrubs, of the family Boraginaceae, many valued for their decorative clusters of red-orange, yellow, or white papery blooms, for edible fruits, and for use as furniture timber. Bark - Brown, ridged. White flowers with yellow throats cluster from spring through fall. The splendid flowers are followed by one to 2-inch-long, egg-shaped fruits, which have a pleasant fragrance but are not particular… (Editors). The flowers were used to make lei, while a dye for kapa cloth and aho (fishing lines) was derived from the leaves. The young leaves tend to be hairy. The large, seven-inch-long, stiff, dark green leaves are rough and hairy, feeling much like sandpaper. The deep green leaves are large, leathery and coarse in texture. The fruit are buoyant and may be carried long distances by ocean currents. The leaves of lasura are broad, ovate, alternate and stalked with the spread being 7 to 15 cm x 5 to 10 cm. Characteristics: Cordia boissieri is an evergreen shrub to small tree that can reach about 25 feet in height. Cordia subcordata is a species of flowering tree in the borage family, Boraginaceae, that occurs in eastern Africa, South Asia, Southeast Asia, northern Australia and the Pacific Islands. The tree that falls right in-between the two. It is seen coming up naturally and growing abundantly from Myanmar in the east to Lebanon and Syriain the west. Data related to Cordia subcordata at Wikispecies. Allowable soil textures include sand, sandy loam, loam, sandy clay loam, sandy clay, clay loam, and clay. C. subcordata burns readily, and this led to the nickname of "Kerosene Tree" in Papua New Guinea. Leaves are small, grayish to olive-green, flowers are white and appear in small terminal clusters. These are also used for wrapping biddies and cheroots. Here in Hawaii, Kou grows in coastal areas and in other sunny low elevation areas. It is a medium-sized broad-leaved deciduous tree. Whether you choose the orange, white (Cordia boissieri) or yellow-flowering Geiger (Cordia lutea), these trees will put on a glorious show of color and work in just about any size yard. It is found growing primarily in Asia, as well as, across the globe especially in tropical regions having the right type of geophysical environment. They are spherical, 2–3 cm (0.79–1.18 in) long, and woody when mature. Origin / Native - Florida, Bahamas, Venezuela, Tropics of America. This tree belongs to the Boraginaceae or forget-me-not family, which also includes the herbs comfrey and borage. Cordia myxa L. [Internet] Record from PROTA4U. The Geiger is low-maintenance as long as it's planted in a frost-free area sheltered from winter winds. [7], Media related to Cordia subcordata at Wikimedia Commons Cordia sebestena. Scarlet Cordia is a perfect ornamental tree for tropical and sub-tropical regions where it grows into a small, compact and evergreen tree (up to 25 feet). [5], In the western Solomon Islands, in Vanuatu, on Waya Island, and in Tonga, it is used for carving. A drought-tolerant and cold-tolerant flowering tree with pretty yellow flowers. Scarlet Cordia (Cordia Sebestena) is one the flowering trees that I would always love to grow in my garden.I just love its orange flowers that stand out against dense, dark green foliage. Publication Author Lorenzi. Wild olive is native to the southernmost tip of the Rio Grande Plains of south Texas. Schmelzer, G.H. It is a medium-sized broad-leaved deciduous tree. Cordia parvifolia or little-leaf cordia, is a medium evergreen shrub 1.7 to 3 m tall and wide. Believed to be a native of the Florida Keys, the lovely geiger tree blooms during warm weather with frilly flower clusters in vivid orange, yellow or white. Appearing throughout the year, but especially in spring and summer, are dark orange, 2-inch-wide flowers which appear in clusters at branch tips. Durable in heat and cold, the Little Leaf Cordia will delight with snowy white flowers popping out in the dog days of summer! There are many indigenous Cordias in the tropical world, but the loveliest of them Cordia sebestena has its home in Cuba and was imported to other tropical countries many years ago because of its ornamental value.. ʻUmeke lāʻau were 8–16 litres (2–4 gal) and used to store and ferment poi. The Cordia tree thus became part of Key’s history when the tree took on the additional name of Geiger tree. Those lucky enough to live where this tree thrives are treated to spectacular displays of masses of flowers on majestic branches. They will grow to 25 to 30 feet tall by 25 feet wide. Being salt and drought tolerant, it is often on city-approved tree lists. The plant is known by a variety of names including beach cordia, sea trumpet, and kerosene wood, among others. It is seen coming up naturally and growing abundantly from Myanmar in the east to Lebanon and Syria in the west. A terse treatment of the flowering plants of Jamaica, with a botanical description of each plant, notes on habitat etc. Description. Being a deciduous plant, the species bears male and female flowers on the same tree. [5], The seeds are edible and have been eaten during famine. Its habitat st… A canopy tree, found most frequently in old secondary forest habitats in Costa Rica [. The leaves are five inches long, obovate, pale to medium gray-green, and covered with numerous trichomes (short hairs). Cordia myxa is a species of flowering plant in the borage family, Boraginaceae. Lasura tree flowers during March–April. Appearing throughout the year, but especially in spring and summer, are dark orange, 2 inches across flowers which appear in clusters at branch tips. The flowers are showy, white, and … [3] In the Marshall Islands it is known as kono. [4], C. subcordata grows to 7–10 m (23–33 ft) at maturity, but may be as tall as 15 m (49 ft). _ Get 1 Free Product Today _ All India Delivery _ Lowest prices. The growth rate of Texas olive is slow to moderate, depending on the availability of water, so be sure to allow plenty of room for it to grow to its mature size. Boraginaceae. Being full of viscid glue like mucilage, the pulp is somewhat translucent. General Information Cordia glabrata is a deciduous tree with a roundish crown; it can grow 8 - 10 metres tall[419. I have found through 10 years of experience in growing this plant in my garden and trying to make it a single trunk tree, that the Yellow … Butterflies are very happy with this tree. The appearance tends to darken when ripening sets in. The … In ancient Hawaiʻi kou wood was used to make ʻumeke (bowls), utensils, and ʻumeke lāʻau (large calabashes) because it did not impart a foul taste to food. Cordia lutea. Flowers are followed by the development of pale green fruit that mildly resemble olives, hence the common name. The Big Leaf Cordia or Texas Olive can be trained into a beautiful small tree. PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa / Ressources végétales de l’Afrique tropicale), Wageningen, Netherlands. Cordia sebestena also known as Orange Geiger Tree, Geranium Tree, Anaconda, Scarlet Cordia This dense, rounded, evergreen native tree grows slowly to a height of 25 feet with an equal spread and can develop a trunk 12 inches thick. The large, 4 to 9-inch-long, stiff, dark green leaves are rough and hairy, feeling much like sandpaper. The trees are small, upright, and have a rounded, spreading crown and flaky, grooved, grayish bark. The queen of flowering trees, the fittingly named Delonix regia, explodes in a blaze of fiery red blossoms. Domesticated plants and animals of Austronesia, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.1998.RLTS.T33199A9761041.en, http://biormi.org/index.shtml?en/native_plants.shtml, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cordia_subcordata&oldid=981775607, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 October 2020, at 11:01. In matter of external appearance these are glabrous above and pubescent below. It is a Florida native that blooms from Spring to Fall. Other names for the species include kanawa, tou, kou, mareer, manjak, snottygobbles, glueberry, narrow-leafed bird lime tree, In Java and Madura, it is known as kalimasada, purnamasada, or pramasada; Javanese folklore consider the tree to contain spiritual power. Geiger trees are native to the Caribbean islands and possibly to Florida. Cordia myxa is a species of flowering plant in the borage family, Boraginaceae. The pulp in a half ripe fruit can even be used as an alternative to paper glue in office work. Title Brazilian Trees. INTRODUCTION This dense, rounded, evergreen native tree grows slowly to a height of 25 feet with an equal spread and can develop a trunk 12 inches thick (Fig. Low growing trees can be used as a full-fledged tree in a small yard, or as more of an accent in larger one. Cordia spp. _ Get 1 Free Product Today _ All India Delivery _ Lowest prices. Flowering tree Photograph by: João Medeiros Creative Commons Attribution 2.0. Scientific Name – Cordia sebestena Family Name – Boraginaceae Other English Names – Scarlet Cordia Flowering Season – Year-round, but most abundant March-May Native to Thailand – No Typical Height – 6-9 metersGeiger trees have vivid orange five-centimeter-wide flowers that grow in clusters at the ends of branches. Keeping in view the numerous utilities of the plant it is widely cultivated in the arid zone too. White Geiger [Cordia boissieri ] White Geiger tree small evergreen tree, white flowers year round, 15-20 feet tall, 10-15 foot spread, attracts birds, full sun, high drought and salt tolerant, cold hardy. Pawley, Andrew; Osmond, Meredith (eds). When fully ripe the pulp becomes quite sweet in taste and is fully enjoyed by children. Because of its showy flowers, it is often planted as an ornamental in the lower Rio Grande Valley. The small edible fruit resembles an olive. The flowers attract butterflies as a nectar source. Scarlet cordia is a small shapely tree which grows up … C. subcordata prefers neutral to alkaline soils (pH of 6.1 to 7.4), such as those originating from basalt, limestone, clay, or sand. It is a kind of a drupe, light pale to brown or even pink in color. In still worse environments it can even remain a stunted shrub. [2], Media related to Cordia myxa at Wikimedia Commons Plant in full sun and water deeply for optimal growth and denseness of foliage. The species is indigenous to China and is widely cultivated in lower plains and tropical regions. Common names include Assyrian plum, lasura, pidar, panugeri, naruvilli, geduri, spistan, burgund dulu wanan and ntege. The very similar Geiger Tree (Cordia sebestena) has fleshy white fruit, red-orange flowers, and matte, rough textured leaves. Leaves are dark green above & light green on the bottom surface, alternate, oblong, lightly serrate to crenate, 2 1/2 to 6 inches long. Flowering begins in spring and continues, when moisture is available, in intervals until fall. Life Cycle - Perennial. It grows in areas that receive 1,000–4,000 mm (39–157 in) of annual rainfall. Genus - Cordia. The foliage is alternate and simple, often rough surfaced. & Gurib-Fakim, A. Though this plant flourishes well in deep clayey loam and sandy soils, it does still better in areas experiencing nearly 100 to 150 cm of annual rainfall. Native to the Galápagos Islands, mainland Ecuador and Peru, Cordia lutea is a large shrub, that with continued effort can be trained as a small tree. Data related to Cordia myxa at Wikispecies. Species - sebestena. Hardy to 20 degrees F., Texas olive can reach 20 – 25 feet tall and wide. Cordia dentata. Buy cordia sebestena, lal lasora - plant and 6000+ more gardening products online. Spread - Up to 10 m [35 feet] tall. [5], The tubular flowers of C. subcordata are 2.5–4 cm (0.98–1.57 in) in diameter and form cymes or panicles. Lasura matures in about 50 to 60 years by when its girth at the breast height is about 1 to 1.5 m. Its bole (main trunk) is generally straight and cylindrical, attaining a height of nearly 3 to 4 m. The branches spread in all directions by virtue of which its crown can be trained into a beautiful inverted dome like an umbrella. Cordia subcordata is a species of flowering tree in the borage family, Boraginaceae, that occurs in eastern Africa, South Asia, Southeast Asia, northern Australia and the Pacific Islands. Dynamite crape myrtle tree. Most gregariously after a rain. Blooming occurs throughout the year, but most flowers are produced in the spring. Smaller Florida flowering trees can include shrubs trained to a single-trunk (called "standards") or those with multiple trunks. The Texas Olive (Cordia boissieri) is an excellent small tree or screening plant for many landscapes. The orange variety is a hummingbird attracter. [5] The wood of the tree has a specific gravity of 0.45, is soft, durable, easily worked,[6] and resistant to termites. Common names include Assyrian plum, lasura, pidar, panugeri, naruvilli, geduri, spistan, burgund dulu wanan and ntege. The tree can be easily identified from a distance by observing the fissures which are so prominent in the bark of the main bole of a tree approaching maturity. Use in wet areas as an ornamental or specimen tree especially where a narrow crown tree is needed due to limited space. The filaments are hairy. From a distance, the clusters of white flowers on Little Leaf Cordia resemble airy puffs of cotton or snow. The fruit of lasura start appearing during July–August. It is also known as scarlet cordia or orange cordia. Several related trees in the Cordia genus feature white or yellow flowers and enjoy similar conditions. Cordia thrives in full sun in well drained soils. The fresh foliage is quite useful as fodder for cattle — more so during grass famines. [5] Petals are orange and the sepals are pale green. Birds, including hummingbirds, animals and butterflies are attracted to the flowers and fruit, making it a wonderful addition to the landscape, beyond its obvious physical attractiveness. On New Ireland, its wood is always used for the ceremonial entrances to men's houses. The bark of lasura is grayish brown in color with longitudinal and vertical fissures. The Little Leaf Cordia (Cordia parvifolia) is a very easy plant to grow and blooms beautifully in the warm-humid days of Valley summers. Anacahuite Common Name: Anacahuite (Wild Olive) Cordia boissieri Tree Size: Small Leaf Type: Evergreen Comments: Bold leaves contrast large flowers. If you love the color red, the dynamite crape myrtle is a must-get for … Fu, P.P., Yang, Y.C., Xia, Q., Chou, M.C., Cui, Y.Y., Lin G., "Pyrrolizidine alkaloids-tumorigenic components in Chinese herbal medicines and dietary supplements", Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cordia_myxa&oldid=985479930, Articles with dead external links from November 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles lacking in-text citations from July 2015, Articles containing Bambara-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 05:27. [1], Cordia myxa contains tumorigenic pyrrolizidine alkaloids. Each fruit contains four or fewer seeds that are 10–13 mm (0.39–0.51 in) long. It is evergreen, with nearly 3-inch wide trumpet-shaped flowers, brilliant white with yellow throats. 4th Edition. The orange geiger (Cordia sebestena) is the most well-known, with showy, deep orange flowers that contrast nicely against the tree's coarse green … 1). Height - Up to 10 m [35 feet] tall. [6], C. subcordata produces fruit year round. The plant is native to Chihuahua, Sonora, and Baja Buy cordia, scarlet cordia - plant and 6000+ more gardening products online. Volume 1. It has ovate leaves that are 8–20 cm (3.1–7.9 in) and 5–13 cm (2.0–5.1 in) wide. The large, seven-inch-long, stiff, dark green leaves are rough and hairy, feeling much like sandpaper. Smaller shrubs …
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