Guinea, Crude water extracts of Khaya grandifoliola have shown to have therapeutic effectiveness on mice. © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. It is threatened by habitat loss. Catalog no. (Khaya anthotheca, K. grandifoliola, K. ivorensis, K. senegalensis) Distribution: West tropical Africa. & White, F. (1991). Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). (eds.) African Mahogany (scientific names – Khaya anthotheca, Khaya grandifoliola, Khaya ivorensis, Khaya senegalensis) is harder than Honduran Mahogany and is considered to be the lesser version of Honduran Mahogany. Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher. Fr. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.1998.RLTS.T32172A9684738.en, "Medicinal Plants Useful For Malaria Therapy In Okeigbo, Ondo State, Southwest Nigeria", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Khaya_grandifoliola&oldid=909002536, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 August 2019, at 11:51. Description and Ethnobotany. 10, t. 10, Aubrév. Specification: Common Name(s): African Mahogany. ORSTROM, Bangui. & Beentje, H. (2012). Togo, 10, pl. The efficacy, chemical compositions and toxicological studies of this plant Scientific Name: Khaya spp. 54, Mém. Harms in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. Khaya grandifoliola is native to Africa. All species grow to around 30–35m tall, rarely 45m, with a trunk over 1m diameter, often buttressed at the base. Appellations : N'GOLLON - ACAJOU BASSAM Family : MELIACEAE Scientific names : KHAYA ANTHOTHECA - IVORENSIS - GRANDIFOLIOLA Provenance : WEST AFRICA AND CENTRAL AFRICA DESCRIPTION OF WOOD Reference color : red brown Aubier : well distinct Grain : way Fil : against the grain Against the grain : lightweight Presence of tension wood and soft heart. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. People in these areas resort to medicinal plants for treatment because alternative medical resources are often low or unavailable. Khaya grandifoliola had an average diameter of 6.2 cm and height of 4.8 m and ivorensis Khaya had an av- erage diameter of 4.5 cm and height of 3.9 m (Figure 2 and Figure 3). Khaya grandifoliola, also called African mahogany, Benin mahogany, large-leaved mahogany, or Senegal mahogany, is a species of plant in the family Meliaceae.It is found in Benin, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Guinea, Nigeria, Sudan, Togo, and Uganda.It is threatened by habitat loss. (2015). Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Participate in the reforestation of Togo and the diversification of agroforests, cocoa and coffee trees! & Keay, R.W.J. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391. Ghana, It is known by a number of other common names, including Nyasaland, Red or White mahogany.Oos-Afrikaanse mahonie is the Afrikaans name and … Featured: Lysimachia arvensis Emp. Abstract. (2017). Habit Tree usually less than 20(but occasionally up to 30) m. tall; bole unbuttressed or only slightly buttressed. 1988;2:30-32. Growth Form. Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. Fr. Janka Hardness: 1,070 lb f (4,760 N) 2, 1: 699, fig. The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18. Planing: Timber produced by K. grandifoliola is reported to be more difficult to work than that by K. anthotheca . Boulvert, Y. Khaya grandifoliola demonstrated a better growth performance than Khaya ivorensis in all planting densities with 10% showing the best growth performance for K. grandifoliola (6.44 cm diameter, 4.90 m height and 0.0105 m 3 volume) and 60% for K. ivorensis (5.27 cm … 2, 1: 1-828. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. A study was designed to show the effects of the extract on the red blood cells and bone of mice for 3 weeks and 7 day. It is threatened by habitat loss. However, there are concerns about the hypothesized low diversity among the few K. grandifoliola germplasm sources introduced in the country. The buttressed tree develops a bole that is reported to be often twisted. Journal of Ethno-pharmacology. Eggeling & Harris, For. Chad, Tree Size: 100-130 ft (30-40 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter. Njikam RN, Njikam N. Curative dose of Khaya grandifoliola. Average Dried Weight: 40 lbs/ft 3 (640 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.52, .64. (1977). Khaya grandifoliola trees are reported to be smaller than those of K. ivorensis or K. anthotheca . It generally planes well, but material with irregular grain is reported to be rather difficult to dress to a smooth finish. Uganda, Robyns, W. & al. Khaya grandifoliola, also called African mahogany, Benin mahogany, large-leaved mahogany, or Senegal mahogany, is a species of plant in the family Meliaceae. It generally planes well, but material with irregular grain is reported to be rather difficult to dress to a smooth finish. It is listed as vulnerable by IUCN. Backhuys Publishers. Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. It is widely distributed across West Africa from the Guinea coast to Cameroon and extending eastward through Flowers. in Bull. Color tends to darken with age. Meliaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Description. In this study, we examined the antiviral properties of Khaya grandifoliola C.DC (Meliaceae) on the hepatitis C virus (HCV) life cycle in vitro and identified some of the chemical constituents contained in the fraction with the most antiviral activity. Though to be fair, on most guitars it would be hard to make out the difference in tone when used as back/sides wood. It is threatened by habitat loss. Description. It prefers deep and well-drained alluvial soils and termite mounds, but can also be found on shallow, … Soc. Khaya grandifoliola is a medicinal plant endemic to Nigeria. The results of the experiment indicated that K. grandifoliola had a positive effect on red blood cell production and no real effect on bone mineral contents at therapeutic doses. Liberia, 36-48 lbs/ft 3. Scientific name: Khaya spp. Central African Repu, Average Dried Weight: 40 lbs/ft 3 (640 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.52, .64. It has a self-supporting growth form. Khaya grandifoliola and Enantia chlorantha are two of such popular herbs used in the treatment of malaria. 1991. Khaya is a genus of five species of trees in the mahogany family Meliaceae.The timber of Khaya is called African mahogany, and is valued as a substitute to genuine mahogany (of the genus Swietenia). 2: 187, fig. The name anthotheca was taken from the Greek word anthos, meaning flower, while theca refers to a capsule. 19B, 1: 51–54 (1940), For. Planing: Timber produced by K. grandifoliola is reported to be more difficult to work than that by K. anthotheca . Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10. Khaya anthotheca is a large evergreen tree up to 60 m tall (up to 30 m in the garden) with an elongated or rounded, much-branched crown; the trunk is buttressed in old specimens. C. Iv. Styles, B.T. Journ. Agric. 1991, Benin, It is listed as vulnerable by IUCN. & al. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, © Copyright Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. Taxon rep.: Khaya grandifoliola. Flora of Tropical East Africa. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 54, Mém. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. Trees & Timbers Brit. Browse 1,192,000 global plant names, 94,300 detailed descriptions, and 243,000 images with an initial focus on tropical Africa Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 3, 39: 15-30. They usually attain a height of 100 to 130 feet (30 to 40 m), with a trunk diameter of 36 to 48 inches (90 to 120 cm). A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(1): 803 (1915). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Kew Backbone Distributions Dried bark powder was extracted by maceration in a methylene chloride/methanol (MCM) system (50:50; v/v) and separated on silica gel by flash … It is a substitute for Honduras mahogany when pricing is a priority. In this study, we examined the antiviral properties of Khaya grandifoliola C.DC (Meliaceae) on the hepatitis C virus (HCV) life cycle in vitro and identified some of the chemical constituents contained in the fraction with the most antiviral activity. 2: 118–124, t. 173, 6–10, t. 174, 4–5, in Bull. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Flora of West Tropical Africa For. Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. (Khaya anthotheca, K. grandifoliola, K. ivorensis, K. senegalensis) Color/Appearance: Heartwood color is variable, ranging from very pale pink to a deeper reddish-brown, sometimes with streaks of medium to dark reddish-brown. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. In general K. ivorensis showed less forking than K. grandifoliola, except at 60% Figure 4) in the density (mixed plantings two years after planting in the field. Trunk. (1977). It is found in Benin, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Guinea, Nigeria, Sudan, Togo, and Uganda. Styles in E. Afr. Flora of Tropical East Africa, Meliaceae: 1-67. Scientific Name: Khaya spp. Recent studies show that 90% of malaria cases around the world come from sub-Saharan Africa. Emp. The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Meliaceae, Styles & F. White (Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford). : Bourland N. Ekpe P. 491. The invention relates generally to a device for dispersing one or more fragrant materials, more particularly to a device in the form of an amulet for dispersing one or more fragrant materials. Color tends to darken with age. Specimen ID: 3073279. 42 (1952). big-leaf mahogany; Other Scientific Names. It is a photoautotroph. Trunk is straight and tall with dark brown bark, reaching a girth that exceeds 1 m. Foliage. Reproduction is monoecious. Trees Brit. Khaya grandis Stapf; Khaya kerstingii Harms; Khaya punchii Stapf; International Common Names. Kalema, J. Bumah VV, Essien EU, Agbedahunsi JM, Ekah OU. Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. Khaya grandifoliola, also called African mahogany, Benin mahogany, large-leaved mahogany, or Senegal mahogany, is a species of plant in the family Meliaceae. African Mahogany (scientific names – Khaya anthotheca, Khaya grandifoliola, Khaya ivorensis, Khaya senegalensis) is harder than Honduran Mahogany and is considered to be the lesser version of Honduran Mahogany. Bot. Cultural / Religious ( Heritage Tree: There are 5 individuals of Khaya nyasica listed as Heritage Trees in Singapore. Burkina, Project description. Khayae (Meliaceae) specierum nomenclator Adansonia, sér. It is found in Benin, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Guinea, Nigeria, Sudan, Togo, and Uganda. Though to be fair, on most guitars it would be hard to make out the difference in tone when used as back/sides wood. (1948-1963). Reproduction is monoecious. The use of aqueous extract of K. grandifoliola for the management of malaria by traditional medical practitioners is common in West Africa, especially Nigeria. We offer the dark red meranti with a density of approx. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone ORSTROM, Bangui. It has a self-supporting growth form. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Boulvert, Y. Khaya grandifoliola, also called African mahogany, Benin mahogany, large-leaved mahogany, or Senegal mahogany, is a species of plant in the family Meliaceae. Phytotherapy Research. 1991. Description: Common Name(s): African Mahogany Scientific Name: Khaya spp. Habit Tree usually less than 20(but occasionally up to 30) m. tall; bole unbuttressed or only slightly buttressed. Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. Pinnately compound leaves are composed of 4-6 pairs of oblong leaflets with wavy leaf margin and acute apex. The bark and seeds of Khaya grandifoliola are the most common parts used for treatment and are extracted by infusion or decoction. In riparian forest it can sometimes be found together with Khaya grandifoliola. It is a tall, woody tree belonging to the family Meliaceae, and commonly called African Mahogany5. It has compound, broad leaves. (1954-1958). To find out more about these trees, please visit the Heritage Tree Register.) Family: MELIACEAE. (eds.) Khaya senegalensis occurs in savanna woodland, often in moist localities and along watercourses, in areas with 650–1300(–1800) mm annual rainfall and a dry season of 4–7 months. English: African mahogany; French: acajou à grandes feuilles; Local Common Names: diala; yalando Description: Common Name(s): African Mahogany Scientific Name: Khaya spp. Image quality: 1. Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (Khaya anthotheca, K. grandifoliola, K. ivorensis, K. senegalensis) Ivory Coast, Depending on its origin, growth conditions and specific strain (“African Mahogany” encompasses four different Khaya species), it color can range from a pale pink or muted orange, to a somewhat darker reddish- or golden-brown. Large tree growing up to 30 - 35 m tall. Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org. 1958, Meliaceae, Styles & F. White (Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford). In many malaria endemic countries, like the tropics, the extract of Khaya grandifoliola is used as an antimalarial herbal remedy. Khaya anthotheca, with the common name East African mahogany, is a large tree species in the Meliaceae family, native to tropical Africa.. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (Khaya anthotheca, K. grandifoliola, K. ivorensis, K. senegalensis) Names are loosely and interchange used for: meranti, lauan and a myriad of species from West Tropical Africa and some types from Southeast Asia. (2013). 8: 10 (1907). Nigeria, Khaya grandifoliola is a medium to large-sized tree that can grow up to 40 metres tall Staner & Gilbert in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 7: 177 (1958). It occurs up to 1500(–1800) m altitude. Sudan, Doses of the extract that were administered daily had no impact on mortality rates, physical appearance or behavior of the rats. Soc. (Khaya anthotheca, K. grandifoliola, K. ivorensis, K. senegalensis) Distribution: West tropical Africa. Tree Size: 100-130 ft (30-40 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter. Bouka Dipelet, U.G. © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Preferred Common Name. Khaya grandifoliola Preferred Common Name; big-leaf mahogany Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae; Uses List; Agroforestry; Erosion control or dune stabilization; Fuelwood; Shade and shelter; Windbreak The species are native to tropical Africa and Madagascar. Khaya grandifoliola is a species of tree in the family Meliaceae. It occurs up to 1500(–1800) m altitude. Khaya grandifoliola is native to Africa. It is found in Benin, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Guinea, Nigeria, Sudan, Togo, and Uganda. 8: 10 (1907). 2005;102:446-449. Meliaceae, Styles & F. White (Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford). The extracts have proven to fight against the P. falciparum parasite, one of the vectors of malaria in humans. It has compound, broad leaves. 4: 64, fig. Abstract Given its high-valued wood, the African mahogany (Khaya grandifoliola) has been envisaged as a renewable source of tropical hardwoods in Brazil. Effects of Khaya grandifoliola (Meliaceae) on some biochemical parameters in rats. 194 (1958). (eds.) Description: Herbarium Specimen Images. Bot. Khaya grandifoliola, also called African mahogany, Benin mahogany, large-leaved mahogany, or Senegal mahogany, is a species of plant in the family Meliaceae. Zaïre, Flora of Tropical East Africa Scientific Name: Khaya spp. Scientific name (s): Khaya anthotheca, Khaya ivorensis, Khaya grandifoliola Log description – Diameter: from 80 to 120 cm 39: 413 (1974). C. DC. It is a photoautotroph. (Khaya anthotheca, K. grandifoliola, K. ivorensis, K. senegalensis) Color/Appearance: Heartwood color is variable, ranging from very pale pink to a deeper reddish-brown, sometimes with streaks of medium to dark reddish-brown. In riparian forest it can sometimes be found together with Khaya grandifoliola. Fl. Dark brown to dark red … Khaya grandifoliola is a species of tree in the family Meliaceae. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. Effect of Khaya grandifoliola extract on Plasmodium berghei berghei in mice. × (1939). Khaya grandifoliola C. DC. Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. Flora of West Tropical Africa 4: 64, fig. Flora of Tropical East Africa. Janka Hardness: 1,070 lb f (4,760 N) Description. Khaya senegalensis occurs in savanna woodland, often in moist localities and along watercourses, in areas with 650–1300(–1800) mm annual rainfall and a dry season of 4–7 months. Flora of Tropical East Africa This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to N. Uganda. W.J. It is found in Benin, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Guinea, Nigeria, Sudan, Togo, and Uganda. (2006). The bark on the young branches is smooth and greyish-brown but smooth to sometimes mottled grey and brown, flaking on the older branches and stems. Jongkind, C. (2014). Four of these trees can be found in Gillemard Road Open Space while the fifth tree can be found in Lorong 1 Toa Payoh. Studies have shown that the optimum therapeutic dose size is about 5.5 g/kg body weight.
2020 description of khaya grandifoliola