(office.) /T1_0 9 Tf ET /T1_0 9 Tf ET 0 0 0 rg /T1_0 9 Tf ET 314.14 576.18 64.3 10.86 re B ET - National academy press,Washington D.C., 2001. q 1 0 0 1 313 658 cm 51 747 Td )Tj 0.5 g 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg S BT 0 0 m B uuid:50a12eee-d93d-4992-acc6-baa6e6dafbd5 BT /T1_0 9 Tf 517 0 l (1.20)Tj (0.20)Tj BT 339 578 Td ET S eBook files are now available for a large number of reports on the NAP.edu website. 499.78 465.3 63.28 10.86 re (Whey, dehy. BT B BT 58 467 Td B 380.44 409.86 57.16 10.86 re 380.44 437.58 57.16 10.86 re 0 0 0 rg (1.00)Tj (0.40)Tj mals and various breeds have different nutritional requirements during the year and acquire different values from forages and supplements. -466 -14 Td 65 0 l 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg B Монография. 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg ET (0.16)Tj (.20)Tj 0 0 0 rg 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg B Since 1944, the National Research Council has published six editions of Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 159 0 Td 0 0 m S B 7th rev. /T1_0 9 Tf q 1 0 0 1 193 658 cm /T1_0 9 Tf 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg BT Thus, inorganic sources of calcium, such as calcium carbonate or dicalcium phosphate, must be added to the rations of lactating dairy cows. S BT Nutrient requirements of dairy cattle / Subcommittee on Dairy Cattle Nutrition, Committee on Animal Nutrition, Board on Agriculture, National Research Council. BT Q B /T1_0 9 Tf BT 0 0 0 rg )Tj /T1_0 9 Tf B 0 0 0 rg 0 0 m Q q 1 0 0 1 51 685 cm /T1_0 9 Tf 217 633 Td If the price decreases, we will simply charge the lower price.Applicable discounts will be extended. Q /T1_0 9 Tf 50.144 0 Td q 1 0 0 1 51 698 cm Q -2 -12 Td 0 0 0 rg 52 409.86 140.8 10.86 re 280 467 Td ET (Urea )Tj 42.179 0 Td (current ) Tj 524 550 Td 0 0 0 rg 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg B Nutrient requirements for dairy cows in late lactation are shown in Table 1. ET BT 0 0 0 rg We have attempted in this new edition to focus more than in the past on considerations and criteria for establishing nutrient requirements. (.60)Tj BT 0 0 0 rg (.26)Tj The committee addresses important issues unique to dairy science-the dry or transition cow, udder edema, milk fever, low-fat milk, calf dehydration, and more. Q BT 0 0 m 0 0 0 rg ET TERMS OF USE: This software is made available online as a service to the readers, and was neither produced by nor can be supported by the National Academies Press (NAP). For information on how to request permission to translate our work and for any other rights related query please click here. BT ET 462 411 Td 0 0 0 rg 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg BT /T1_0 9 Tf 0 -321 l 462 605 Td 276 578 Td Design and Development of Nutrient Requirement Calculator for Dairy Cattle Feed Formulation 9272 feeding plan (Ravinder et al, 2016) used ICAR 2013 as well as This widely used reference has been updated and revamped to reflect the changing face of the dairy industry. 65 0 Td See exhibit 6–1 for kinds of animals (beef and dairy cattle, sheep, goats, and horses) and representative breed types. 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg This period of negative calcium balance does not appear to be de… 122 0 Td ( ---)Tj Figure 1 illustrates the entire digestive system with each compartment labeled. BT Calcium requirements of lactating dairy cows are high relative to other species or to nonlactating cows because of the high calcium concentration in milk. 339 550 Td q 1 0 0 1 48 700 cm 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg BT BT (.08)Tj q 1 0 0 1 565 700 cm (.10)Tj 276 522 Td Dairy cattle Nutrition Requirements. S ET 0 -8.685 Td 159 0 Td The eBook is optimized for e-reader devices and apps, which means that it offers a much better digital reading experience than a PDF, including resizable text and interactive features (when available). S 0 0 0 rg 221 467 Td All of the previous factors mentioned have an additive effect on the nutrient requirements of cattle. 0 0 m 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg BT B /T1_0 9 Tf (0.18)Tj 90.487 0 Td 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg Q /Artifact <>BDC ET In 2001, the NRC published the Seventh Revised Edition of the Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. 217 495 Td BT BT ET /T1_0 9 Tf 0 G B 0 0 0 rg 439.6 576.18 58.18 10.86 re Q BT ET 0 0 0 rg 122 0 Td 159 0 Td 122 0 Td /T1_0 9 Tf ET (1.00)Tj B 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg S 0 0 0 rg 0 0 0 RG Rumination and the fermentation which takes place in the rumen allows dairy cows/ruminants to turn low quality forages and human food by-products into high quality food: milk and meat. 58 0 Td 380.44 493.02 57.16 10.86 re [(0.07)-4610(0.05)]TJ 58 0 Td 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg S 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg /T1_0 9 Tf (.12)Tj (0.38)Tj A balanced nutrition is required for adequate productive and reproductive performance of dairy cows(1). 0 0 0 rg -466 -14 Td 0 -2 l BT 276 384 Td 0 0 m BT (0.27)Tj Q (NEL)Tj /T1_0 9 Tf BT ET B S The book includes a user-friendly computer program on a compact disk, accompanied by extensive context-sensitive "Help" options, to simulate the dynamic state of animals. Q ET BT -466 -14 Td (0.01)Tj 0 -321 l /T1_1 9 Tf [(0.40)-4610(0.15)]TJ 58 384 Td 194.8 548.46 58.18 10.86 re B Q 122 0 Td ET (0.42)Tj 0 0 0 rg cooling systems) and nutritional strategies have alleviated some of the negative impact of thermal stress on dairy cattle, but production continues to decrease during the summer. Calcium requirements are similar to those in the 1984 NRC report because new information is not sufficient to justify a change. Sodium and … Table 1, Table 2 and Table 3 show the nutrient requirements of dairy cattle as developed by the National Research Council (1988). BT 4 -12 Td B B ET 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 65 0 Td q 1 0 0 1 51 658 cm 0 -1 l 0 0 0 rg ET (0.80)Tj Due to their high productivity, the nutritional requirements of cows in specialized tropical dairy farms are difficult to meet. 0 0 0 rg 254.98 520.74 57.16 10.86 re BT q 1 0 0 1 253 658 cm /T1_0 9 Tf BT Nutritional composition of colostrum, transition milk and whole milk. You may request permission to: For most Academic and Educational uses no royalties will be charged although you are required to obtain a license and comply with the license terms and conditions. /T1_0 9 Tf Model Evaluation and Prediction Equations, On downloads page, click "NRC Model Software for Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle", Save dairy_setup.zip to a local directory, Double-click dairy_setup.exe to launch the application, Republish or display in another publication, presentation, or other media, Use in print or electronic course materials and dissertations, Share electronically via secure intranet or extranet. q 1 0 0 1 48 379 cm 462 522 Td 217 578 Td /T1_0 9 Tf (Soybean silage)Tj ET BT Calcium requirements are adjusted to 50 percent true absorption. (Sudex silage)Tj S q 141 0 l 0 0 0 rg BT (Whey, lacto)Tj 2. 107.008 0 Td Pilot edition published as ‘Feeding Tasmanian Dairy Cows’ in March 1997 under the Targeting Our Productivity (TOP) Program initiative. ET (Wheat silage)Tj Dairy Cow Behavior and Impact on Dairy Cattle Nutrition Management 2.1 Dairy Cow Behavior Dairy cows have evolved from originally ruminating prey animals. B 0 0 m 58 0 Td ( ---)Tj 462 550 Td 462 578 Td Nutrient Requirements of Domesticated Ruminants draws on the most up-to-date research on the energy, protein, mineral, vitamin and water requirements of beef and dairy cattle, sheep and goats. (Sunflower meal)Tj 0 -321 l For questions about using the Copyright.com service, please contact: Loading stats for Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle: Seventh Revised Edition, 2001... Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle: Seventh Revised Edition, Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle: Seventh Revised Edition, 2001, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources, Food and Nutrition B 159 0 Td 0 0 0 rg 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg BT Calculations of nutrient requirements and their interactions are integrated by the 2001 Dairy NRC in a computer model that allows for estimates of nutrient requirements and dynamic ration evaluation. BT /T1_0 9 Tf 499.78 631.62 63.28 10.86 re 65 0 Td B 380.44 465.3 57.16 10.86 re S BT (Yeast, brewers)Tj 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg -468 -14 Td B 65 0 Td Protein NEL TDN Ca Phos A D (lb) (lb) (Mcal) (lb) (lb) (lb) -(1000 IU)1000 .98 7.86 7.58 .041 .029 34 14 1200 1.18 9.02 8.70 .049 .034 41 16 1400 1.37 10.12 9.76 .057 .040 48 19 *Add 20% for growth of lactating cows during first lactation. 58 0 Td ET Q Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle: Seventh Revised Edition, 2001 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg Cows can’t get quick access to water 510 -1 l 0 0 0 rg B 380.44 631.62 57.16 10.86 re The also volume covers dry matter intake, including how to predict feed intake. ET (0.90)Tj Comparison of colostrum, transition milk (harvested between 24 and 72 hours) and whole milk from dairy cows. /T1_0 10 Tf (0.65)Tj BT [(0.07)-4610(0.05)]TJ 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 58 0 Td 0 0 0 rg [(0.30)-4610(0.65)]TJ 122 0 Td B Advances in management (i.e. (.09)Tj practical importance in beef cattle. BT 194.8 493.02 58.18 10.86 re 58 633 Td Stage of lactation Early Mid Late Average milk yield (kg/d) 40 30 20 Dry matter intake (kg/d) 24-26 21-23 11-12 59 0 l For the first 68 wk of lactation, most dairy cows are in negative calcium balance, ie, calcium is mobilized from bone to meet the demand for milk production. /T1_0 9 Tf Q ET Nutrient requirements of cattle change throughout the year based upon stage of the production cycle, age, sex, breed, level of activity, pest load, and environment. 404 411 Td /T1_0 9 Tf B B /T1_0 10 Tf B It can also occur on autumn grass. 314.14 409.86 64.3 10.86 re 527 467 Td Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle is a virtual calculator for nutrients. nutrient requirements of dairy cattle. Dairy Cattle Nutrition ... necessary to understand the nutritional requirements of a dairy animal. (Soybean meal)Tj 159 0 Td The 2000 NRC Beef Model program was recently upgraded to enable its functionality on newer computer operating systems, thanks to Dr. Luis Tedeschi, Associate Professor of Animal Science at Texas A&M, and a member of the National Animal Nutrition Program. ed. B (0.20)Tj ET 530 673 Td BT 510 -1 l BT [(1.10)-4943(0.95)]TJ /T1_0 9 Tf -4 -12 Td (0.12)Tj 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg BT 0 0 0 rg -466 -14 Td [(0.90)-4610(0.72)]TJ BT q 1 0 0 1 51 698 cm ET ET ET 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg An ebook is one of two file formats that are intended to be used with e-reader devices and apps such as Amazon Kindle or Apple iBooks. (0.07)Tj (Sugarcane bagasse)Tj Click here to obtain permission for Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle: Seventh Revised Edition, 2001. (Wheat, whole)Tj 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg S 380.44 520.74 57.16 10.86 re ET 194.8 382.14 58.18 10.86 re ET [(0.70)-4943(0.03)]TJ 254.98 493.02 57.16 10.86 re 358 Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle TABLE UG-4 Target Weights for Dairy Heifers Reproductive Stage 1St breeding 1St calving (post- partur~tion) 2nd calving 3rd calving Target 650 kg % of MW MW 55% 82% 92% 100% 358 533 598 650 800 kg 400 kg MW MW 440 656 736 800 220 328 368 400 For heifers before conception, target daily gain to weight at first breeding is: ((Mature weight x 0.55) … 194.8 520.74 58.18 10.86 re 58 0 Td (---)Tj ET /T1_1 9 Tf Consensus Study Report: Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. 404 467 Td 499.78 382.14 63.28 10.86 re BT 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 37.291 0 Td 52 520.74 140.8 10.86 re 217 605 Td 0 0 0 rg (Mg)Tj 254.98 576.18 57.16 10.86 re B /T1_0 9 Tf B Disclaimer This fact sheet reflects the best available information on the topic as of the publication date. BT Dairy Production342-450A Feeding during lactation Page 8 of 8 Table 1. 58 550 Td S [(1.90)-4943(0.40)]TJ Revised edition published June 1997. 276 633 Td ET (Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle)Tj /T1_0 9 Tf Save dairy_setup.zip to a local directory 3. q 1 0 0 1 48 698 cm ET The National Academies Press and the Transportation Research Board have partnered with Copyright Clearance Center to offer a variety of options for reusing our content. 0 0 0 rg BT q 1 0 0 1 51 745 cm 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg (\(%\))Tj BT 0 0 0 rg 2012-07-10T11:22:49-04:00 -466 -14 Td 0 0 m 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg Before calving, there is a reduction in dry matter intake (DMI) and as the birth 0 0 0 rg 52 631.62 140.8 10.86 re 0 0 0 rg 524 522 Td Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. BT BT /T1_0 9 Tf 439.6 603.9 58.18 10.86 re 0 0 m ET 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg Dairy Cattle Nutrition and the Environment, 13. 0 0 0 rg 439.6 382.14 58.18 10.86 re Dairy cows are at high risk of grass tetany (staggers) particularly on lush grass rich in potassium and nitrogen in cold, wet, conditions. BT Q Software Downloads: Nutrient Requirement Models of Dairy Cattle (Compatible with Windows 7 32-bit and 64-bit machines):. (8)Tj 0 0 m (1.40)Tj 217 439 Td (0.10)Tj 194.8 465.3 58.18 10.86 re B 0 0 0 rg 0 0 0 rg (Ca)Tj Q 0 -1 l 58 522 Td 217 550 Td B 65 0 Td B 0 0 0 rg ET ET The committee also provides guidance on how nutrient analysis of feed ingredients, insights into nutrient utilization by the animal, and formulation of diets to reduce environmental impacts can be applied to productive management decisions. Q (Sorghum, forage silage)Tj 0 0 0 rg 462 495 Td 403 673 Td ET (.26)Tj (0.18)Tj This seventh revised edition, Nutrient Requirementsof Dairy Cattle2001, applies new information and technology to current issues in the field of dairycattle production. BT (0.04)Tj 524 495 Td 15.893 0 Td B Q 0 0 0 rg (0.30)Tj /T1_0 9 Tf 0 0 0 rg 0 -2 l The final version of this book has not been published yet. 254.98 548.46 57.16 10.86 re 194.8 603.9 58.18 10.86 re 0 0 0 rg Q Q 380.44 576.18 57.16 10.86 re /T1_0 9 Tf 217 411 Td 0 0 0 rg (1.10)Tj /T1_0 9 Tf 0 0 0 rg 0 -14 l ET 0 0 0 rg 439.6 520.74 58.18 10.86 re (0.74)Tj S Double-click dairy_setup.exe to launch the application. 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg Free supporting materials are available for this report. 524 605 Td 276 411 Td 439.6 548.46 58.18 10.86 re B BT 499.78 603.9 63.28 10.86 re 0 0 0 rg 58 0 l B /T1_0 9 Tf BT (Soybeans)Tj 254.98 382.14 57.16 10.86 re 0 0 0 rg 194.8 409.86 58.18 10.86 re q 1 0 0 1 193 698 cm BT 467 673 Td (0.08)Tj B Q 0 0 0 rg S 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg q 1 0 0 1 51 745 cm 122 0 Td 65 0 l 25.679 0 Td (0.02)Tj 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 2. (see ) Tj (1.90)Tj /T1_0 9 Tf current issues in dairy cattle production inasmuch as they affect nutrient requirements and animal feeding manage-ment, including new emphasis on environmental consider-ations in the feeding of dairy cattle. 12.837 0 Td ISBN 0-309-06997-1 1. /GS0 gs %PDF-1.3 %���� (.70)Tj (0.04)Tj 52 576.18 140.8 10.86 re (0.01)Tj 439.6 409.86 58.18 10.86 re 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg -2 -12 Td 0 0 0 rg 0 g (.08)Tj ET Cows need to be supplemented with 30g of magnesium (or 60g of calcined magnesite) per day - during the high risk period. 159 0 Td 65 0 Td (1.90)Tj (http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu ) Tj 0 0 0 rg ( ---)Tj 0 0 0 rg (Phos)Tj 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 276 550 Td (your ) Tj Q BT BT /T1_0 9 Tf (S)Tj 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 314.14 520.74 64.3 10.86 re Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. 404 439 Td /T1_0 9 Tf 58 0 Td S /T1_0 9 Tf 254.98 465.3 57.16 10.86 re B 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg -466 -13 Td ET /T1_0 9 Tf BT We publish prepublications to facilitate timely access to the committee's findings. 466 467 Td ET 122 0 Td /T1_0 9 Tf BT 0 0 0 rg 524 633 Td /T1_0 9 Tf p. cm. endstream endobj 62 0 obj <>>>/Resources 65 0 R/Subtype/Form>>stream ET B 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 510 0 l 276 495 Td (0.10)Tj Q [(0.42)-4943(0.15)]TJ Calcium and phosphorus requirements are shown in Tables 4 to 12. q 1 0 0 1 48 700 cm 314.14 548.46 64.3 10.86 re /T1_0 9 Tf 510 0 l BT B Copy the HTML code below to embed this book in your own blog, website, or application. 0 0 m [(0.05)-4610(0.34)]TJ /T1_0 9 Tf 404 495 Td 0 0 m 0 0 0 rg ET 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 65 0 Td )Tj 404 384 Td /T1_0 9 Tf 254.98 603.9 57.16 10.86 re 29.348 0 Td 58 0 Td 24.455 0 Td All backorders will be released at the final established price. [(0.07)-4610(0.07)]TJ Nutrient guidelines for lactating dairy cows. 0 -321 l BT Q ET 194.8 576.18 58.18 10.86 re Minerals are important for: Good body functions Growth (bones) Growth of fetus Milk production The minerals needed in largest amounts (macro minerals) by the dairy cow include: calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, chlorine, sulfur, and potassium. B /T1_0 9 Tf /T1_0 9 Tf 0 0 0 rg 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg (copy: ) Tj BT Energy The energy requirements … 159 0 Td ET [(0.36)-4943(0.06)]TJ 314.14 465.3 64.3 10.86 re EMC [(1.00)-4943(0.25)]TJ [(0.40)-4610(0.15)]TJ /T1_0 9 Tf (0.40)Tj 58 439 Td 0 -321 l BT (0.17)Tj Q 2. 439.6 493.02 58.18 10.86 re ET BT (Sugarcane silage)Tj B 0 0 m 380.44 548.46 57.16 10.86 re Transition Whole Composition Colostrum Milk Milk Specific gravity 1.05 1.03 1.03 Solids, percent 23.9 14.1 12.9 Protein, percent 14.0 5.1 3.1 Casein, percent 4.8 3.8 2.5 /T1_1 9 Tf 499.78 548.46 63.28 10.86 re 339 439 Td /T1_1 9 Tf BT S q 1 0 0 1 48 700 cm BT I. q 1 0 0 1 498 658 cm q 1 0 0 1 48 381 cm S 439.6 437.58 58.18 10.86 re 499.78 409.86 63.28 10.86 re B 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 499.78 520.74 63.28 10.86 re BT 0 0 m /T1_0 9 Tf (\(%\))Tj (or ) Tj 314.14 493.02 64.3 10.86 re Dairy cattle Feeding and feeds. (\(%\))Tj ET (0.28)Tj 439.6 465.3 58.18 10.86 re 404 605 Td Q 58 605 Td 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 0 0 m (Mineral composition of feeds commonly used in dairy cattle rations \(as \ fed\). 404 550 Td We will not charge you for the book until it ships. /T1_0 9 Tf (1.00)Tj 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 0 -12 TD B /T1_0 9 Tf q 1 0 0 1 51 744 cm q 1 0 0 1 48 381 cm (0.09)Tj If an eBook is available, you'll see the option to purchase it on the book page. ET 462 439 Td 2012-07-10T11:22:49-04:00 0 0 0 rg (1.20)Tj 0 -27 l 517 -2 l 58 578 Td B ET BT 0 0 0 rg /T1_0 9 Tf (recommendations ) Tj Nutrient requirements, including protein requirements, for beef cows and replacement heifers are shown in Tables 16.2 and 16.3. /T1_0 9 Tf 404 522 Td B 65 0 Td 59 0 l (---)Tj 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg ET 65 0 Td S q 1 0 0 1 51 745 cm 276 439 Td 371 687 Td ET Nutrition Management for Tasmanian Dairy Farmers - Workshop Manual A Pasture Plu$ Program initiative. You can pre-order a copy of the book and we will send it to you when it becomes available. Tj 524 411 Td - 408 p. Subcommittee on Dairy Cattle Nutrition, Committee on Animal Nutrition, National Research Council ISBN: 0-309-51521-1 Since 1944, the National Research Council has published six editions of Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. Pricing for a pre-ordered book is estimated and subject to change. — Nutrition - Dietary Reference Intakes, 9. 0 0 0 rg BT ET 524 578 Td BT ET /T1_0 9 Tf 0 g 0 G 0 i 0 J []0 d 0 j 1 w 10 M 0 Tc 0 Tw 100 Tz 0 TL 0 Tr 0 Ts (.26)Tj A PDF is a digital representation of the print book, so while it can be loaded into most e-reader programs, it doesn't allow for resizable text or advanced, interactive functionality. q 1 0 0 1 438 658 cm ET 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 217 522 Td Date 10-15-2006 This Feed Management B /T1_0 9 Tf 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg BT 0 0 m 370 0 l ET q 1 0 0 1 48 700 cm ET BT (0.02)Tj B ET 0 0 0 rg 339 605 Td (for ) Tj 254.98 631.62 57.16 10.86 re 0 0 m 517 0 l B 0 0 0 rg S Tropical dairy farming : feeding management for small holder dairy farmers in the humid tropics By John Moran, 312 pp., Landlinks Press, 2005 6 – Nutrient requirements of dairy cows 55 The following steps and Tables 6.1 to 6.3 can be used to calculate daily metabolisable energy requirements for: • … /T1_0 9 Tf 339 411 Td (Soybean hay)Tj 0 0 0 rg S (Soybean meal)Tj 52 465.3 140.8 10.86 re (\(%\))Tj /T1_0 9 Tf ET /T1_0 9 Tf 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg B B ET /T1_0 9 Tf B (.14)Tj (0.25)Tj (0.30)Tj B 159 0 Td BT 0 -321 l 404 578 Td B (Soybean hulls)Tj 65 0 Td Daily nutrient requirements for maintenance of mature lactating cows. 52 603.9 140.8 10.86 re (1.70)Tj Balanced commercial feeds usually contain sufficient minerals to meet the needs of dairy cows under normal conditions. An uncorrected copy, or prepublication, is an uncorrected proof of the book. ET 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 217 384 Td S ET entitled "Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle," were updated in 1988 by a subcommittee on Dairy Cattle Nutrition of the National Research Council. 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg B (1.00)Tj (.06)Tj 0 0 0 rg ET [(0.40)-4610(1.00)]TJ 314.14 382.14 64.3 10.86 re 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg ET /T1_0 9 Tf B 0.6303253 0 0 0.6303253 153 780.7203369 cm It defines the responses of animals, in weight change, milk production and wool growth, to quantitative and qualitative changes in their feed supply. Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle 4 Table 3. 524 439 Td B Q 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg The new revision includes requirements for energy, protein, minerals, and vitamins of calves, growing heifers, dry cows, and lactating cows. 553 747 Td B 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg [(0.09)-4610(0.05)]TJ Phos-phorus requirements for maintenance are lower New features allow users to pinpoint nutrient requirements more accurately for individual animals. S 58 495 Td 220 673 Td 462 384 Td 0 0 0 rg /T1_0 9 Tf Pierre et al., 2003) in many dairy-producing areas of the world. B /T1_0 9 Tf -466 -14 Td BT 52 437.58 140.8 10.86 re BT B ET (0.05)Tj 122 0 Td ET q 1 0 0 1 379 658 cm (0.80)Tj /T1_0 9 Tf 517 0 l /T1_1 9 Tf /T1_1 9 Tf /T1_0 9 Tf [(0.42)-4943(0.04)]TJ 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 0 0 0 rg ET Carbohydrate Chemistry and Feed Processing, 16. BT Q (0.44)Tj [(0.46)-4943(0.01)]TJ 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg ET 499.78 576.18 63.28 10.86 re (local ) Tj B It addresses the management of lactating dairy cows, utilization of fat in calf and lactation diets, and calf and heifer replacement nutrition. 59 0 l /Fm0 Do BT /T1_1 9 Tf ET B 0 0 0 rg B -469 -14 Td (Wheat, midds)Tj 499.78 493.02 63.28 10.86 re Nutrient Requirements of the Young Calf, 12. 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg (0.01)Tj (.07)Tj 0 0 0 rg Click on the 'Related Resources' tab to view. (0.90)Tj 194.8 631.62 58.18 10.86 re 0 0 0 rg /T1_0 9 Tf 314.14 437.58 64.3 10.86 re 0 0 0 rg BT 52 382.14 140.8 10.86 re /T1_0 9 Tf 0.824 0.824 0.824 RG 0 0 m (---)Tj 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg (Table 5. 159 0 Td B BT 314.14 631.62 64.3 10.86 re 0 0 l BT -4 -12 Td 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 254.98 409.86 57.16 10.86 re (0.18)Tj BT S 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 0 0 0 rg Q Q S 58 0 Td S (.26)Tj 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 0 0 m /T1_0 9 Tf (0.40)Tj 0 0 m 0 0 0 rg ET BT 380.44 603.9 57.16 10.86 re 0 0 0 rg 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 339 384 Td B [(0.72)-4943(0.09)]TJ 0 0 m 404 633 Td 276 605 Td 58 411 Td 339 633 Td 274 673 Td (0.01)Tj ET BT 52 493.02 140.8 10.86 re 0 0 0 rg
2020 nutrient requirements of dairy cattle pdf