4 , Nr. Applied to others, it means that they should embrace him as their Saviour. Others resolve it thus, lest your way perish, according to that saying of the first psalm, the way of the ungodly shall perish. Psalm 2:12, ESV: "Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and you perish in the way, for his wrath is quickly kindled.Blessed are all who take refuge in him." BibliographyBenson, Joseph. Their blessedness grows. (Worthington) --- Hebrew, "Kiss purely." Those who, as most exalted, will be most apt to say, Who is Lord over us? Kissing the hand of sovereign princes is now an act of homage, an act of fealty and submission. [Note: The New Scofield . All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855. Psalm 2 is credited to David by the New Testament (Acts 4:25). (1.) To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Blessed are all they that put their trust in him -, Blessed are all they who put their trust in Him, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Blessed are all they that put their trust in him, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". ], "son" in Jesus" resurrection and ascension (, "The2nd Psalm gives the order of the establishment of the kingdom. All rights reserved. 3rdly, Here is wisdom. The Hebrew words for taking refuge in (e.g, Ruth 2:12), leaning on (e.g, Psalm 56:3), rolling on (e.g, Psalm 22:8), and waiting for (e.g, Job 35:14) all refer to trusting in. I rather incline to refer it to him as mediator, and as spoken either when the purposes of God's grace to man were first declared in heaven, and the exalted Jesus in this divine character received the worship of adoring angels: or when, at his incarnation, his baptism, and most eminently at his resurrection and ascension, he was declared to be the Son of God with power, Romans 4:2. But there is still wanting a special hortative reference to the Anointed, which is the main point of the whole; and this must be lost unless בר is rendered son. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/psalms-2.html. Psalms 118:9 "It is better to trust in the Lord, than to put confidence in princes;" Psalms 146:3 : "Trust not in princes, nor in the son of man, in whom there is no help." Oh get a patriarch’s eye, study Moses’s optics; for here the northern proverb is found true, Unkent unkist. It is an Eastern custom for subjects to kiss the feet of the king. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/psalms-2.html. To qualify himself as a physician to cure the threefold malady, Christ has assumed as Mediator a threefold office, namely--of a prophet, priest, and king; and in this threefold office the sinner must trust in Him for salvation. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/psalms-2.html. Psalm 4:8(NASB) Picture courtesy of Petr Kratochvil. In regard, finally, to the progress made in this Psalm as regards the proclamations concerning the Messiah, it consists mainly in this, that there here dawns upon the Psalmist the superhuman nature and dignity of the Messiah, which is brought out still more distinctly in Psalms 110 and Psalms 45. how foolish that secret counsel which cannot be hid from his all-seeing eye! Since Jesus is exalted king in Zion, and opposition vain, it is most highly our interest to court his favour, as it is our bounden duty to submit to his government. What a fearful conjunction of terms--“the wrath of the Lamb.”, III. Lest he be angry - If you do not acknowledge his claims, and receive him as the Messiah. "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". The kiss was, from the earliest times, the mark of subjection and respect in the East. What it is to kiss the Son. . In another eternal sense, of course, Jesus was always God"s Son ( Matthew 3:17; Matthew 17:5; 2 Peter 1:17). DD. It has been punished in our Divine Surety. " How incredible was it that intelligent men should kiss the image of a bull calf! Bab. Comp. ; and both agree with Christ, who is God's elect, chosen to be the Redeemer and Saviour of his people, and who is pure free from sin, original and actual. Revelation 20:1-7). Others conceive that בר is chosen as being the more dignified and significant expression. They are increasingly blessed. The Hebrew word בר Bar, signifies both a son and an elect person; but in whatever way you take it, the meaning will remain the same. BibliographyGill, John. And ye perish from the way, i.e. ; and then the sense is, lest they perish in the midst of their course of sin, in their own evil way, they have chosen and delighted in, or, to use the words of Christ, "die in their sins", John 8:21, and everlastingly perish; for this perishing is to be understood not of corporeal death, in which sense righteous men perish, but of everlasting destruction: or the word which is rendered "from the way" may be translated "suddenly"F16"Subito", Noldius, p. 230. II. His intercession is now effectual; the Father always heareth him. To serve the Lord with fear, and rejoice before him with trembling, or reverence. Since ben (Hebrew #1121) is derived from baanah (Hebrew #1129), to build, so bar (Hebrew #1248) is from baara' (Hebrew #1254), to create or beget. O sinner! Copyright StatementThese files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed. A kiss is in some countries a sign of loyalty. the least degree, of his anger is very terrible, much more the heat and height of it, caused by such a desperate provocation as this is. 9 Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel. I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession. The Stone Artscroll Edition T'nach translates the passage נַשְּׁקוּ־בַר in T'hillim / Psalm 2:12 as “Yearn for purity” while the Judaica Press has “ Arm yourselves with purity ”. Let us kiss him -- that be our endeavour. [The Chaldaic or Aramaic bar (Hebrew #1248) is used for ben (Hebrew #1121) here, as in Proverbs 31:2, and often in Ezra and Daniel. And (6) the present appeal to the world powers ( Psalm 2:10-12)." The exhortation is enforced by a twofold powerful argument. The principle is good, though some apply it wrong. Men still cherish opposition to Christ in their hearts and evince it in their lives. [Note: See Chisholm, p266 , n16 , for discussion of the textual problem involving "son."] Rabbi Tovia Singer argues that the meaning of the first part of Psalm 2:12 is "Arm yourself with purity" rather than "Kiss the Son." This great truth is stated everywhere in the Bible; and to induce the children of men - weak, and guilty, and helpless - to put their trust in the Son of God, is the great design of all the communications which God has made to mankind. 12 Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Wise in their own conceit, they will not submit as little children to learn his heavenly doctrine: proud in their own sufficiency, and trusting in their own righteousness, they cannot stoop, as miserable and perishing sinners, to seek his atoning blood, as the only foundation of their acceptance before God: and, hating the holy ways of this heavenly king, their stubborn hearts reject his rule, and that internal spiritual kingdom which he erects in the soul, mortifying every earthly, sensual, devilish temper; this they cannot endure. In short, 1. All power is his in heaven and earth. Now such a trust in him renders a man inconceivably blessed. The concluding sentence of the psalm qualifies what was formerly said concerning the severity of Christ; for his iron rod and the fiery wrath of God would strike terror into all men without distinction, unless this comfort had been added. 1371. , in a moment, as Jarchi interprets it; and so sudden wrath brings sudden destruction; blessed are all they that put their trust in him; not in horses and chariots, in riches and honours, in their own wisdom, strength, and righteousness; but in the Son of God, the Lord Jesus Christ, and who is truly and properly God; or otherwise faith and trust would not be required to be put in him: and happy are those who betake themselves to him as to their strong hold and place of defence; who look to him and believe in him for pardon, peace, righteousness, every supply of grace and eternal life; these are safe and secure in him, nor shall they want any good thing needful for them; and they have much peace, joy, and comfort here, and shall have more grace as they want it, and hereafter eternal glory and happiness. "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". Verse 12. (1.) Psalms 2:12 Context. (4) The establishment of the rejected King upon Zion ( Psalm 2:6). “Lest He be angry,” etc. kindled but a little — or, “in a little time.”. Hence the warning--“Be wise now, therefore; be instructed; do listen a little.” Every wise man, before he commits himself to defend or withstand a policy, would make quite sure, as far as human judgment can, whether it be right or wrong; to be desired or to be deprecated. When He is angry it is anger that none can match. BibliographyTrapp, John. ], [Idolaters used, in worshipping their gods, to kiss their images [Note: Hosea 13:2. and after the apostle has delivered over to satan those who only asserted that the resurrection was past, (2 Timothy ii. (Haydock) --- The way or projects of sinners will perish; (Psalm i. Love the Lord Jesus Christ, and give yourselves up unto him; and, notwithstanding your past sins, or present infirmities, “you shall never perish, but shall have everlasting life [Note: John 3:15-16.].”]. Ver. -- Nature, object, and blessedness of saving faith. This Psalm is remarkable, not only for its subject - the future kingdom of the Messiah, its rise, opposition, and gradual extent, but also for the elegant change of person. Mark the solemn argument for reconciliation and obedience. It is our comfort, that, however mighty our enemies, or however politic their contrivances, they imagine a vain thing; the church, and every faithful believer, are fixed upon a rock, against which the powers of earth and the gates of hell cannot prevail. Take heed of the terrors of the Lord; for "our God is a consuming fire." It may be considered indeed as a triumphant proclamation of his establishment on his throne, notwithstanding all the opposition that had been made to him by Saul and by the Jews themselves. Adore is derived from kissing with the mouth the hand (ad os, 'to the mouth') in token of homage. ., pp601-2.]. 10 Be wise now therefore, O ye kings: be instructed, ye judges of the earth. the Lord derides them, d 5 Then he speaks to them in his anger, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Some claim that translating the word bar" (in Psalm 2:12) as "son" rather than as "purity" is a distortion of the Hebrew text in order to make the verse apply to Jesus. Anger, as it is a passion that troubles, and disorders, and discomposes a man, so it is not in God; but anger, as it is a sensible discerning of foes from friends, and of things that conduce, or disconduce to his glory, so it is in God. It was used also in religious adoration (Job 31:27; 1 Kings 19:18; Hosea 13:2). It is the kiss of worship. Blessed = How happy. 12. 786.] See a lofty and lively description of him Hebrews 1:2-3. A kiss, then, is a sign of grateful love. Blessed are all they that put their trust in Him. REFLECTIONS.—1st, Since the day that, after war in heaven, rebellion began on earth at the instigation of the old serpent cast out from his place in glory, the fierce contest and struggle has continued between the seed of the serpent and the seed of the woman: and this, with especial bitterness, was renewed when the bruiser of his head appeared incarnate, to destroy him and all his hated works. Now Jesus is “seated as King upon God’s holy hill in Zion [Note: ver. TO so great a degree do the Psalms abound with prophecies relating to Christ, that all the most important circumstances of his life and death, his resurrection and glory, might be narrated from them with almost as much precision as in the Gospels themselves. 1 sn Psalm 2. Ye perish — Be taken out of the way by death or destruction. let my eyes, by faith, gaze upon thee with unceasing rapture! https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/psalms-2.html. It was the custom for idolaters to kiss the god which they foolishly adored. "Commentary on Psalms 2:12". "O the blessedness of all them who trust in him!". If his wrath be kindled but a little; the Hebrew is, if his nose or nostril be kindled but a little; the nostril, being an organ of the body in which wrath shows itself, is put for wrath itself. Psalm 2 Commentary: As we study Psalm 2 we’ll be seeing the psalmist’s wonder and amazement at the fact that this world is constantly and actively rebelling against God’s plan and at the same time they show heated antagonism to God’s national representative – the nation of Israel and – in particular in Psalm 2 – to Israel’s Davidic king. The enmity of the heart against the religion of Jesus, is unspeakably more bitter and inveterate than against anything beside; nor will the greatest harmlessness of conduct, or purity of manners, soothe the rage of persecutors. Thus we see that the gospel of Jesus has already gone forth unto the ends of the earth, and reached even to us. And therefore it would ill have become him to invite others to put their trust in himself, and that person is pronounced accursed that trusteth in man, Jeremiah 17:5 . For we see, when God for a time connives at the wicked, and bears with them, how they abuse this forbearance, by growing more presumptuous, because they do not think of his judgments otherwise, than according to sight and feeling. Or, perish out of the way by losing the right way, by taking wrong and evil courses, the end of which will be your certain and utter ruin. If thou be despised for loving Christ in his Gospel, remember that when David was thought base, for dancing before the ark, his way was to be more base. It may be added that the current of Rabbinical authority is against our Authorised version. "Commentary on Psalms 2:12". (i) When the wicked will say, Peace and rest, then will destruction suddenly come, (1 Thessalonians 5:3). Should the beginning phrase of Psalm 2:12 be translated as "embrace purity," such as is found in Jewish translations, or "Kiss the son," such as is found in Christian translations? Psalm 1opened with a benediction, and Psalm 2closes with one. 2 tn The question is rhetorical. Verse 12. "The Adam Clarke Commentary". 3. It is in reference to the revolt against the Lord, that the injunction, to "serve the Lord," is uttered. 12. Christ requires of every man who would be saved that he shall yield to His government and rule. (2.) Note; (1.) and Vulg. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tbi/psalms-2.html. Lest he be angry; for, though he sits on his throne, meek and gentle as a lamb to those who come to him as humble supplicants, he will roar as a lion against the obstinately impenitent, and tear them in pieces, while there is none to deliver them. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. As to the translation of the verb, the remark of Delitzsch, that it means “to kiss, and nothing else,” is wide of the mark, since it must in any case be taken figuratively, with sense of doing homage, as in Genesis 41:40 (margin), or worshipping (1 Kings 19:18; Hosea 13:2). (John Donne. Every intransitive or passive idea may, in Hebrew, find an immediate limitation, if it is relative; that is, if it admits of being extended to many particular cases. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. The religion of Jesus has often groundlessly excited the jealousy of earthly princes; his kingdom is not of this world. Is he the Father's king in Zion? Verse 12. 1832. 1909-1922. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/psalms-2.html. So also here, "perish the way," must mean, "perish as to the way." Or, for his wrath will be kindled shortly, or suddenly, or within a very little time, as this word is used, Psalms 81:14 Song of Solomon 3:4 Isaiah 26:20. Spurgeon. Embrace that which is pure; namely, the doctrine of God. 1983-1999. The meaning is that God has a special relationship with His nation, but clearly the bond is emotional and not physical. 12. See cases of Joab with Amasa, and Judas with Christ. BibliographySimeon, Charles. 3 , Nr. The Torah likewise uses this expression for other great individuals. It needs not that his anger should be heated seven times hotter; let the fuel kindle but a little, and we are consumed. ], or to kiss their hands in token of their devout regard to them [Note: Job 31:20; Job 31:27.]. A kiss of allegiance and homage. II. (Haydock). Psalms 2:12 Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish [from] the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Scripture constantly admonishes us to place our confidence in the Lord alone; on which account the verb before us is in a manner consecrated and set apart; and also warns men against confiding in earthly kings; comp. The custom of kissing the pope"s ring pictures the same thing. The instruments employed are the heathen, the Roman governor and soldiery, and the people, the peculiar people, the Jews: their kings and governors head the riotous assembly; and Herod and Pontius Pilate, with the whole sanhedrim, unite for the destruction of the divine Messiah. The benefit arising from obedience to it—. “Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish fromthe way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. .... "Lest he be angry." The Messianic predictions in the Psalms cannot so far coincide in character with those in the Prophets, that the distinction between Psalmist and Prophet here at once ceases to exist. 1 Why do the nations protest. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him] That is, in Christ, John 14:1. Neglect Christ; and, whatever else you either have or do, it will avail you nothing: you must “perish” everlastingly [Note: Luke 14:24 and John 3:36.]. This was the ancient mode of doing homage or allegiance to a king, 1 Samuel 10:1. Psalm 1 emphasizes God’s Law while Psalm 2 focuses on prophesy. This rendering is, in consequence, approved by most modern interpreters, not excepting those who find the sense thus given not quite convenient, as Rosenmüller, De Wette, Gesenius, Winer, and Hitzig. The Chaldee, Vulgate, Septuagint, Arabic, and Ethiopic, have a term which signifies doctrine or discipline: "Embrace discipline, lest the Lord be angry with you," etc. I know it is supposed that rb bar is also pure Hebrew, as well as Chaldee; but as it is taken in the former language in the sense of purifying, the versions probably understood it so here. We are none of us so wise but we may profit by a little more instruction. (Genesis xli. But then, lest that persuasion by love should not be effectual and powerful enough to us, we shall descend from that duty, to the danger, from love, to fear, "lest he be angry;" and therein see first, that God, who is love, can be angry; and then, that this God who is angry here, is the Son of God, he that hath done so much for us, and therefore in justice may be angry; he that is our Judge, and therefore in reason we are to fear his anger: and then, in a third branch, we shall see how easily this anger departs -- a kiss removes it. Psalms 2:12. See note on Psalms 1:1. put their trust = flee for refuge to. In England the hand of the sovereign is kissed. understood) the way, i.e. ; that is, because of their sinful course of life; for the way of the ungodly shall perish itself, and therefore they that pursue it shall perish also: others render it "in the way"F15"In via", Pagninus, Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Ainsworth, Gejerus. Some of them bold to the religion of their ancestors, whatever that may be. ", "Kiss the son." All men need a refuge to which they may flee for safety; and happy are they who have been so made sensible of their danger and misery that they are anxiously seeking a place of safety. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/psalms-2.html. This advice is urgent. Sanhedrin, fol. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". Blessed are all they that put their trust in him. ], [Here then is the direction which in God’s name we give to all; “Kiss the Son.” If you have any desire to escape the wrath to come, or to lay hold on eternal life, this is the sure, the only way of attaining your end. Count up all the ills of life, and then ask how many of them could continue if the Spirit of Christ ruled in every heart. Ewald has disputed the reference to David advocated by most writers, and yet has decided upon applying it to Solomon. All the "Scriptures" proclaim the necessity of faith and good works. The first psalm presents the perfect man, the happy man. For it appears to me that this exclamation, Blessed are all they that put their trust in him, (34) should be read as a distinct sentence by itself. 1812. p. 117 and 332) may represent this doctrine as uncharitable and groundless, though he allows it has been maintained by most (p. 473) who have professed to be the true disciples of Christ, whether Catholics or Protestants. It asks only how much? The meaning here is that they should express their allegiance to the Son of God, or recognize him as the authorized King, with suitable expressions of submission and allegiance; that they should receive him as King, and submit to his reign. In the first Psalm, we saw the wicked driven away like chaff; in the second Psalm we see them broken in pieces like a potter's vessel. Ver. The time up to the beginning of this punishment, when repentance is too late, is like a short path חוסי stat. relation; so that, instead of the verb being followed by the preposition and pronoun, it might simply have been חוסין. Son. The practice of kissing the hand of a monarch is not uncommon in European courts as a token of allegiance. It is in six parts: (1) The rage and the vain imagination of the Jews and Gentiles against the LORD and His Anointed ( Psalm 2:1-3). But against his view we have to set, besides the positive grounds already adduced for the Messianic interpretation, the force of which he unwittingly acknowledges by violent explanations, such as that of : Psalms 12 , not merely the silence of the historical books, of which he would make very light, but their most express and unequivocal declarations. I. The Messianic interpretation of a Psalm, then, can only be fully justified when we are both able to point to a revelation, through which the writer was incited to give a subjective representation of its contents, and can find a substratum for the writer's mode of representation, either in his own circumstances, or in those of his time. But the true subjects of the King are not all blessed in the same way. They are blessed in the hour of death, and best of all their blessedness increases to eternal blessedness--the perfection of the saints at the right hand of God. The believer also trusts in Christ for future help and future good. Indeed, the Son must first kiss us by his mercy, before we can kiss him by our piety. The proposal espoused by Staffan Olofsson in his article “The Crux Interpretum in Psalm 2:12” is to take the view that בַר in this phrase means “field/ground.” It was pointed out, quite correctly if I may add, that the Hebrew word Var/Bar בַר takes this meaning in Job 39:4 as well as in Aramaic in Daniel 2:38 and throughout Daniel 4. Our fear. 4. 1. By “kissing” him, we are to understand, [Samuel having anointed Saul to be king of Israel, kissed him, in token of his submission to the power that was now vested in him [Note: 1 Samuel 10:1.]. No. A man named Luke wrote a part of the Bible that we call Acts. The original notion of אבד abed, is not only to perish, but to wander, as sheep do; and, consequently, to be lost and perish by wandering so far as that they can never return or be recovered to the fold. The pleasantness of Christ's yoke should engage us to yield our necks to it, as the terrors of his wrath should lead us to avoid them. Others are of the religion of the circle in which they live. The argument. Thus R. Solomon: “Arm yourselves with discipline;” (so, with a slight variation, one of the latest commentators, E. Reuss: “Arm yourselves with loyalty”;) another Rabbi: “Kiss the covenant”; another, “Adore the corn.” Among the best of modern scholars, Hupfeld renders “yield sincerely”; Ewald, “receive wholesome warning”; Hitzig, “submit to duty”; Gratz (by emendation), “give good heed to the warning.”, From the way.—The LXX. Compare Psalms 1:6, "the way of the ungodly shall perish:" a confirmation of the connection that subsists between the first and second psalms. Proud member 1052. , "immediately", or "straightway", and our English word "directly" is almost the same; and so may design the swift and sudden destruction of such persons who provoke the Son to wrath and anger; which sense is confirmed by what follows; when his wrath is kindled but a little; either to a small degree, or but for a little while; for the least degree and duration of it are intolerable, and who then can dwell in everlasting burnings, or abide the devouring flames? Job 35:14. Sin cannot escape punishment in the just government of a holy God. behold we already see Jesus the King on his throne. . Various other explanations which have been tried have partly usage against them, and partly the circumstance that the mention of the Son of God here is quite natural after Psalms 2:7. . No. (See Note Psalms 119:1.). 2nd, Christ, being exalted to the mediatorial throne, speaks in his own person: I will declare the decree. Thomas Adams. 1871-8. ], and trusting in him as “The Lord our Righteousness [Note: Jeremiah 23:6. The benediction. David expresses yet more distinctly what kind of fear and service God requires. This leads us to give an earnest persuasion and exhortation to kiss the Son, with all those affections, which we shall there find to be expressed in the Scriptures, in that testimony of true love, a holy kiss.