Psychology and Political Science: Political science is another discipline which has developed extensively in recent times. In fact, political science is never separated from our daily lives. If our forefathers thought biologically, we think psychologically.”. Some years ago, military revolutions broke out in Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nigeria, Dahomey and Sudan. Human actions are influenced to a very great extent by the prevailing political, social and religious tendencies and it is Psychology that studies them. Political psychology is a field that examines the relationship between psychology and politics. This is the systematic political analysis of Socrates, Aristotle and Plato about justice, wisdom and the development of city-states that finally led the foundation of Political Science as a discipline. The political system of a country is also shown to have its influence on human behavior and character through many researches. Psychology deals with the psyche of man and enquires into his behaviour both as an individual and in groups and attempts to explain the motives working behind his actions Political Science which deals with the political side of human life cannot ignore the claims of psychological effects. It deals with the mental set-up of man, with his feelings and with his behaviour. The State and its political institutions are the products of the human mind and can best be understood in terms of the mind. Abstract. It studies social groups organised under the sovereignty of the state. Here you can publish your research papers, essays, letters, stories, poetries, biographies and allied information with a single vision to liberate knowledge. The advocates of physiological approach, therefore, say that we need “to reinvigorate our minds from the wells of direct observation” and the study of Political Science shall be futile unless we exactly know the way in which human beings behave as individuals and members of society under different influences. The study of social psychology often has more direct relevance for the political scientist than does individual psychology. According to Ward, “Psychology is the science of individual experiences”. John Seeley expressed this relationship in the following couplet— “History without Political Science has no fruit, Political Science without History has no root.” ADVERTISEMENTS: Seeley’s emphasis seems to be rather exaggerated, yet no one can discount the dependence of the two disciplines on […] The area which has been subjected to the greatest influence is probably that of public opinion, voting and elections, political parties and pressure groups, international relations and public administration. In his well known book “Physics and Politics”. Gabriel Tarde, Le Bon MacDougall, Graham Wallas, and Baldwin are the prominent writers who have given psychological explanations of almost all the political problems. In the earlier forms of political thinking, there are crude types of psychology that are of great interest and significance in the development of the art of political thinking. PublishYourArticles.net is home of thousands of articles published by users like YOU. 1. Political science is the study of state and systems of government. Privacy Policy3. Psychology deals with the behaviour of man and elucidates what he actually does. This makes it very clear that there is an intimate relationship between Psychology and Political Science. To some extent, these are captured in the stereotypical images of these groups. Political Thought is a part of the study of Political Science. Mr. Boutmy has pointed out the influence of psychological factors upon the character and working of the English and American political institutions. In this study we’ll examine ways Public administration is related to Political science, History, Economics, Sociology, Psychology, Law, Ethics, and Business management. Relationship between Political Science and Psychology are described below: Psychology is the science of Psyche, dealing with the behaviour of man. Though these laws are in the interest of the country yet they can prove a success only when the public supports them wholeheartedly. Political traditions and institutions, they assert, are what the human mind has made them. But Political Science is concerned with “the impulsive or willed” relations of social beings. It enquires into the mind of man and his behaviour, both as an individual and in groups, and explains the motives of human action. They ascribe the unity of the State to psychological factors and the form of government and its laws are in conformity to the temperamental habits of the people. ADVERTISEMENTS: Psychology is the science of human behaviour. It is concerned with power Opens in new window, authority Opens in new window and influence. Psychology and Physiology: Psychology is a science of experience. There can be little doubt that the psychological approach to problems of Political Science is very valuable. MacDougall and other psychologists explain the origin of instincts that operate in society. Only a few years ago when the American government prohibited drinking, the American public raised a series of protest against prohibition and the Government of United States of America had to submit to the demand of the public. Before publishing your Articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Political Science, which deals with the political relationship of human beings, cannot ignore the psychological effects. Moreover, Psychology does not concern itself with moral values. In this way, both are closely related. Therefore, it is always admissible to study human psychology before studying the political actions of man. I THE FIELD OF POLITICAL PSYCHOLOGY. Gathering, voicing opinions, and many other activities without our knowing it are forms of political activity. ADVERTISEMENTS: (3) Philosophy provides to Political Science knowledge of ideal human behaviour, political values, good and bad in political theory, right and Anthropology studies man in all places and times. The French Revolution in 1789, the Russian Revolution in 1917, the Chinese Revolution in 1949 and Iranian Revolution of 1979, broke out because the governments of these countries ignored the claims of public opinion. Political Science has hitherto been much under the influence of philosophy and, consequently, oblivious of the realities of life. TOS4. Political psychology is an interdisciplinary academic field, a branch of social psychology dedicated to understanding politics, politicians and political behavior from a psychological perspective. PublishYourArticles.net - Publish Your Articles Now, Copyright infringement takedown notification template, Psychology as a Science of Consciousness and Behaviour – Essay, Relation between Political Science and Ethics. They do not, however, explain how and why these instincts arise in society. Its penetration is uneven. Disclaimer Copyright. In fact, political science itself … Also read: In recent years there has been a very close interaction between political science and psychology. Sociology is the science of political science; on the other hand, it is the science of state and government. Public administration is a comprehensive, interdisciplinary approach that draws upon other social sciences and applies in its study the knowledge, insights, techniques and tools developed by them. TOS4. Bagehot, in his Physics and Politics, explains the successful working of the constitutional system of government in Great Britain in terms of the psychology and the genius of the people of that country. If we want to know why democracy could be successful in certain races and why it proved an utter failure in other races, we have to study race psychology thoroughly. The areas of study in Political Science differ significantly in the extent to which they have thus far been subjected to the behaviourist approach. Disclaimer Copyright. The relation between political science and sociology come from this very fact. Analyzes the interrelationships between psychological and political processes. It has also been applied to the general concepts, such as ‘power’ and ‘influence’, and of definitions of Political Science, such as that which sees it as a study of Who Gets, What, When and How!. Image Source: wise.fau.edu/~lanning/teaching/personality.JPG. Psychology is really the science of human experience and behaviour. Relationship Between Psychology And Science is being defined in this article.Psychologists use scientific principles, methods, and procedures to develop an organized body of knowledge and to predict how people will behave. Only a few years ago, the Government of India passed the laws in connection with the Prohibition of Drinking, Gold Control and Compulsory Deposit Scheme. Before 1947 Pakistan had been the part of Indian Sub continent but Democracy could not flourish in Pakistan whereas it is proving quite successful in India. (1) Initially, Political Science was called Political Philosophy. … The Ancient Political Philosophy. Comte also laid emphasis on Psychology as the basis of his theories and Spencer relied upon it almost as much as he did upon biology. According to Morris Ginsberg, “ Historically, sociology has its main roots in politics and philosophy of history.” By Aristotle’s and Plato’s findings related to political science, we know that it is an independent academic discipline. Topics include cognitive psychology, political science, international relations, and political theory. The final social science discipline chosen is psychology and as this discipline studies human behavior in society, there … The root cause behind all these revolutions was the same. Published on behalf of the International Society of Political Psychology. Gabriel Tarde, Le Bon MacDougall, Graham Wallas, and Baldwin are the prominent writers who have given psychological explanations of almost all the political problems. The main cause behind this is that the peoples of these countries are of different tastes. This intimate relationship between the two social sciences may be examined here. Introduction. Content Guidelines 2. Bagehot has attempted to explain the working of the English constitution to a large measure on psychological grounds. Some of the reasons they can be so closely entwined include: The main purpose behind this relationship is for psychologists to try to find the roots and consequences of politicians' behavior and actions. The overlap between sociology and psychology is clear in the branch of social psychology based on the boundary between the two sciences. Copyright © 2015 PublishYourArticles.Net, All rights reserved. The right procedure is to explain the lower by the higher. This has been well shown in some of the contributions that modern social psychology has made to Political Science. The relationship between Political Science and History is very close and intimate. Consequently, the course of state life is determined in large measure by psychic factors”. Gettel, “are to a great extent Psychological in nature and the traditions and ideals of a people are potent forces in political life. Image Source: static1.squarespace.com/static/517328ede4b0b9b09d360351/t/51982319e4b0a0fe04ea40ba/1368924958452/bigstock-Psychology-symbol-isolated-on–35104109.jpg. For example, near about in 1921 22, the Government of India passed Sharda Act which banned the child-marriages, but this Act could not prove successful because the government had not created earlier the public opinion in its favour. Political science, with its emphasis on political systems and the distribution of power, falls into this larger academic category. It is the “science of social consciousness and deals with the rational and irrational aspects of human life”. The main cause behind all this is that the people of the north are of different taste. Furthermore, the psychologist seeks to explain life in terms of savage instinct, and social psychology leads us to explain the higher by the lower. Political Science, Political Science deals with the political activities of man. Essay on Relationship Between Sociology and Political Science – Political Science and Sociology are very closely related. Relevant Relationships of Political Science with Philosophy. Although political science is heavily involved in the study, psychology is … political science deals only with formal relations based on laws and order of the state10. ADVERTISEMENTS: Relationship between Political Science and Philosophy! Here you can publish your research papers, essays, letters, stories, poetries, biographies and allied information with a single vision to liberate knowledge. Barker has remarked that since the publication of Bagehot’s “Physics and Politics”, political theorists have turned social psychologists. Related posts: Essay on the relationship between Sociology and Anthropology Short essay on Social Anthropology and Cultural Anthropology What is the relationship […] Finally, according to Catlin, Psychology is concerned with mental acts which must be considered in relation to the observable individual mind. At the same time that political science moved toward greater depth of analysis, it also moved toward a closer working relationship with other disciplines, especially sociology, economics, history, anthropology, psychology, public administration and statistics. It studies man as […] (2) Study of philosophy of State i.e. Political Science and Psychology Political science and psychology are closely related to each other and their merging has given rise to a new discipline called „political psychology‟ which tries to It does not say anything about what the State and its institutions ought to be. The root cause behind all the political movements and revolutions breaking out in modern times is that the governments of the concerned countries do not care for the public opinion. It ensures authoritative allocation of values to the various sections in society Opens in new window. The Relationship between Psychology and Politics Considering the subject matter of psychology, there should be little doubt regarding the importance of this discipline to the explanation and comprehension of political behavior and phenomena. PublishYourArticles.net - Publish Your Articles Now, Copyright infringement takedown notification template, Psychology as a Science of Consciousness and Behaviour – Essay. Privacy Policy3. Thinkers assumed certain facts about human nature and dogmatically accepted them as self-evident truths. Before publishing your Articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Political science and psychology are very closely related, the relationship between the two is known as 'political psychology'. The affinity between Political Science and Psychology has been greatly emphasised during recent times. Content Guidelines 2. It is “the positive science of behaviour”. Dr. Garner has rightly remarked, “Government, to be stable and really popular, must reflect and express mental ideas and moral sentiments of those who are subject to its authority, in short it must be in harmony with what Le Bon call the mental constitution of the race”. Relationship between Political Science and Psychology are described below: Psychology is the science of Psyche, dealing with the behaviour of man. Government to be stable and really popular must reflect and express the mental ideas and moral sentiments of those who are subject to its authority; in short, it must be in harmony with what Le Bon calls the mental constitution of the race. Copyright © 2015 PublishYourArticles.Net, All rights reserved. For example, whenever a government passes a new law with a view to bringing about a radical reforms, it has to pay due attention to the public reaction. He further says, “Again if we should attempt to explain why certain forms of government have worked successfully among some races and failed among other; why certain races have manifested a high degree of political capacity while others have not, and why the largest degree of liberty has been to some peoples and brought ruin to others, we should probably find the explanation in the facts of race psychology”. The writers who have sought the help of psychological approaches in solving the puzzling problems of Political Science are “Tarde, Durkheim, Le Bom in France, Mac Dugall, Trotter, Wallas in England, Baldwin, Eldwood and others in America”. For example, Democracy is proving more successful in England than in France, Italy, and Western Germany and is not at all successful in Eastern Europe (Eastern Germany, Poland, Hungary, Yugoslavia and Russia) and China. Relationship of political science with Jurisprudence: No less close and no less ancient is the connection between Political Science and Jurisprudence, the science of law. This does not seem to be the correct evolutionary method. We can be successful in solving the pressing problems of the day only when we have studied the public opinion earlier. The next aspect is to do with philosophy. Some scholars have speculated that psychological traits mediate the relationship between genes and political participation, but so far there have been no empirical tests. It seeks to determine how far human conduct is rational or instinctive or traditional. The former is the study of the State and government, whereas the latter is the study of law. With moral values seem to be the correct evolutionary method Nigeria, Dahomey and Sudan has! This makes it very clear that there is an intimate relationship between Psychology and political Science political! 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